WWW.KNIGA.SELUK.RU

- , , , ,

 

517

- .-. . . ,

- .-. . .

( )

1981 Teilhard de Chardin P. GeobioJogie pi Geobiologin, Geobiologia, Peking, 1943, v. I, p. l Walther J. E i n l o i t u n g in die Geologic aJs liislorisclte Wisscnscliatl. T. 13. Jena, 18{K$

1894. 1055 S.

Walther J. Allgcmeiue Paleontologie. T. 13. Berlin, 1919.

Walther J. MediteiTuuis. Gcobiologisclio Untersuchungen filter Gcstnltung mid Hesiixllung des J i i e d i t e i T u n e n Lobonsrauines. Pcleruiaiuis geogr. M i l l., 1',:}(.

. .

:

, , . , , . ( = ) , .

, .




. . , . , . !' . , . , , , . *, : ( , , ), ( , ) ( , , , , ), r- -, , ( ).

, , : , , , , .

* % ' [Johnson, 1904].

: , .

, ( ) 2,3 . [Cloud, M o r r i s o n, 1 9 7 9 ].





? . , ( ), (), [ H e d g p e t h, 1964;

Simpson, 1969]. ' [, 1 9 7 6 ], . [, 1980], . , ( ) , , ( , [, 1980].

, ( (? ?1) [ (Dickinsonia, Palaeoplatoda) ? chidium) , (- ), (), () () ().

: .

. .

- () , , , , , ) , - , , , , [, 19761. [, 1972;

, 1975].

150200 . ( . , . [Sepkoski, 1 9 7 9 ], () ir (Dactyloides) ( ) ? () ( ) (hrotubulus, Tiksitheca, Angiftiuchrea) .

, . ( ) . B a m b a c h, 1974] (. 1). , : , , , , , , . . . ! . ( 75 ). , ( ?) [, 1 9 8 0 ].

, , .

. , , , () , (

( ).

).

. . 2. , Nnssa () - () ( [Ager, 1963]). 1 Nassa cimbrica; 2N. sclilntlieimi; 3 . . , Nassa . 1. :

:

II. ( -:

-:

V X X X X X X

( III. :

X X X X XX X X

IV. V. , . , , llVlclverrow, 1 9 7 8 ].

[, 1 9 7 7 ]. 1966]. , Sulnilites [Cameron, 1 9 6 7 ]. ; ][ . . , . , ( ) .

. , , . 3. [ttlias, 1 9 7 3 ]. , ( , . (-), -, [Palmer, Han cock, 1 9 7 3 ] ; ( ) 1971].

2. . - , [Kazmiorczak, 1 9 7 3 ], - - 4. ( ) - . ( () [, 19666].

, . Collyrites elliptica, [ [Schindcwolf, 1963; W e t z e l, 1 9 6 4 ].

. : .

12 . 5. () . ( ) ( ) . : Lingula (L), (), Pentamerus (), Stricklandia (S), Clorinda (). . 5 6 : 30 120 1,6 , 120360 1,6 ( ,

, (. 6). , , 1979].

[McKerrow, 1 9 7 8 ].

. 6. () , . . : Orthorhynchia Ambonychia ( ), Sowerbyella Ohniella (S ) Zygospira Hebertella (Z II). { ) , (Z II) ( , [ B r e t s k y, 1 9 6 9 ]. ), 2) - ( ), 3) ( ), 4) - ( .

, ( ) ( (), , , ; 1 2 , , ! : - [ . ( , ), , [, 1 9 6 9 ].

1} ) . .

- : 1 , 2 , S : , ( (. . 3). . , .

,

.

(, , ). , , . . ( -), ( fc-). , . [, 1 9 7 5 ].

, ; : ( ), ( , ), ( I [ ?

(, ) .

() . 8. ( ) () .

J ; , , , ; II : , , ( ), ; III : , , () V , . : , , , . , : (. . , . , . , . . , . , . . , . ), (1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , - , 6 , 7 , 8 . , 10 .

11 , 12 , 13 , 14 . 15 , 16 , 17, 18 , 19 , 20 ).

.

, , ( - . ( ) . , .

. . . . :

. . . 6. . .: , . . . .: , 1957. 126 .

. . . . :

. .: , 1966, . 1430.

. ., . ., . . , , , , , . . 2. .: - , 1962. 332 .

. . .- . : , - . .: , 1969, . 149153.

. . , 1963, 11, . 7378.

. . . .: , 1975. 559 .

. ' ., . . . II. , ; . .: , 1959. 292 .

/ . . . . : . . : , 1979, . ., II. ., . ., . . . . : . : , 1979, . 324.

. . , . . : . .:

. . . . 1. ( Anisomyaria). .: , 19666. 189 .

. . . . 2. (. Astartidae). .: , 1970. 143 .

. . (Bivalvia) . .: , 1980. 400 .

. ., . . . :

. ., . . . . : . : , 1979, . 2336.

. ., . . ( ). . : . : , 1979, . 5681.

. .. . . . . : . : , 1974, . 127174.

. ., . ., . ., IT. . Metazoa . . . ., 1974, 12, . . . : . , 1972. 210 .

. . . MopcKoii . .: , 1980. 244 .

. . . .: , 1966. 271 .

10. . .: , 1975. 740 .

. . . 2. . .: . ., . ., . . . . . . ., 1978, . 53, 3, . 150.

. ., ., . . . . : - . .: , 1979, . 4982.

. . - . : , 1977. 168 .

. II. . . :

X X I I I . . . . . .: , 1968, . 4655.

. ., . . . . : . . : , 1974, . 100108.

. . .: , 1979. 424 .

. . . :

. . . . . ., 1948, 1, . . . .: . . .

X X I V . .: , û. . Metazoa - . . ., 1970, . . . . : 250 . . . . ., 1977, . I I. Canceripustula nocens . . .: , I960. 349 .

. .: , 1968. 169 .

. .: , 1969. 379 .

. . . . : . . : , 1979, . 183192.

. . Metazoa. . . . . . . ., 19806, 2, . 715.

. II. . . . : , 1964. 148 .

Ager D. V. The cpifauna of a Devonian Spiriferid. Q u a r t J. Gcol. Soc. London, 1961, Ager D. V. Principles of Paleoecology. N. Y., San Francisco, Toronto, London, 1963.

Anderson E. E n v i r o n m e n t a l models for Paleozoic c o m m u n i t i e s. Lcthaia, 1971, v. 4, Bambach R. K. Species richness in marine benthic h a b i t a t s through the P h a n c r o z o i c Paleobiology, 1977, v. 3, p. 152167.

Bayer Th. N. R e p e t i t i v e benthonic c o m m u n i t y in t h e Maguokcta Formation (Ordovioian) Bretsky P. W. E v o l u t i o n of Paleozoic benthic marine i n v e r t e b r a t e communities. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 1969, v. 6, N 1, p. 4559.

Bretsky P. W., Bretsky S. S. Succession and repetition of L a t e Ordovician fossil assem blages from t h e ' N i c o l e t River Valley, Quebec. Paleobiology, 1975, v. 1, N 3, Cameron B. Oldest carnivorous gastropod borings, found in Trentonian (Middle Ordovi cian) braehiopods. J. Paleontol., 1967,'v. 4 1, N 1, p. 147150.

Cloud P., Morrison K. On microbial c o n t a m i n a n t s, micropsoudofossils and the oldest re cords of life. Precambrian Res., 1979, v. 9, N 12, p. 8 1 9 1.

D o m i n g K. J. Trends in palaeoecological assemblage d y n a m i c s. .1. Univ. Sheffield Dudley E. C, Vermeij G. J. Predation in time and space: drilling in the gastropod Turritclla. Paleobiology, 1978, v. 4, N 4, p. 436441.

Eiesenack A. Symbionten in fossilen Protisten. P a l a o n t o l. Z., 1966, Bd 40, N 12, Elias M. K. Algal-bryozoan symbiosis in the Late Paleozoic of A m e r i c a. I n : 7 cine congr.

stratigr. et geol. carbon., Krefeld, 1971. Compte r e n d u. B d. 22, 1973, p. 449405.

Fiirsich F. Th. Genesis, environments and ecology of Jurassic hardgrounds. Nenes Glaessner M. F., Daily B. The geology and Late Precambrian fauna of Ediucara fossil Glaessner M. F., Wade M. The Late Precambrian fossils from E d i a c a r a, South Austra lia. Palaeontology, 1966, v. 9, p. 599628.

Goldring R., Kazmierezak J. Ecological succession in intraformafional hardground for m a t i o n. Palaeontology, 1974, v. 17, N 4, p. 949962.

Goodmann D. The theory of diversity-stability relationships in ecology. Ouaif. liev.

Hcdgpeth J. W. Evolution of c o m m u n i t y s t r u c t u r e. In: Approaches to Paleoecology.

Holland . II. Some conspicuous p a r t i c i p a n t s in Palaeozoic symbiosis. Sci. Proc. Hoy.

Johnson J. G. The c o m m u n i t y a p p r o a c h to paleoecology. I n : Approaches to Paleoeco logy. N. Y., 1964, p. 107134.

Johnson J. G. Early Devonian brachiopod biofacies of western and arctic N o r t h Ameri ca. J. PaleontoL, 1974, v. 48, N 4, p. 809819.

Kazinierezak J. Tolypammina vagans (Foramiuiferida) as i n h a b i t a n t of t h e oxfordian siliceous Sponges. Acta palaeontol. P o l., 1973, v. 18, N 1, p. 95115.

Levinton J. S. Trophic group and evolution in bivalve molluscs. Palaeontology, 1974, McKcrrow W. S.,'Ed'it. T h e ecology of fossils. Duckworth, 1978. 384 p.

Merkt J. Uber Austern und Serpeln a l s Epoken auf Ammonitengehausen. Neucs J a h r b.

Pflug IT. D. Zur Fauna der Nama-Schichten in Siidwest Africa. Palaeontograpliica, 1972, A n t. A., Bd 139, S. 134170.

Palmer T. J., Hancock C. D. Symbiotic relationships between ecloprocts and gastropods, and ectoprocls a n d h e r m i t crabs in t h e French J u r a s s i c Palaeontology, 1973, Plusquellec Y. De quelques commen saux de Coelenteres paleozoiques. A h h. Soc. geol.

Nord. 1968, t. 88, N 4, p. 163172.

Schindcwolf . H. Pilze in oberjurassischen Ainmonilen-Schalen. Neues J a h r b. Geol.

Sepkoski J. S. A kinetic model of Pharozoic taxonomic diversity. I I Early Phanerozoic taxonomic families a n d m u l t i p l e equilibria. Paleobiology, 1979, v. 5, N 3, Simpson G. G. The first three billion years of c o m m u n i t y evolution. Brookhaven S y m p.

Biol., 1969, N 22, p. 162176.

Tutus R., Cameron B. Fossil c o m m u u i t e s of t h e Lower Trenton Group (Middle Ordoviciau) of central and horthwestern New York. S t a t e. J. Palaeontol., 1976, v. 50, N 6, Walker . K., Alberstadt K. P. Ecological succession as an aspect of structure in fossil Walker . K., Bambach R. K. Feeding by bonthic invertebrates: classification a n d termi nology for palaeoecological analisis. Lethaia, 1974, v. 7, p. 6778.

Watkins R. Bivalve ecology in a silurian shelf e n v i r o n m e n t. Lcthaea, 1978, v. 11, N 1, Wetzel W. Schalon-Parasitismus bei Arnmoniten (auf g r a n d Schlcswig-Holsteinischcr Fuude). Meyniana, 1964, Bd 14, S. 6669.

Wright R. P. Jurassic bivalves from W y o m i n g and South Dakota: a s t u d y of feeding rclatioships..1. PaleontoL, 1974, v. 48, N 3, p. 425433.

.

, 1S

 
:

, - 2009 - , - , . ( -). , -Press, 2009, 148 . , - 4911200000 1 . 071(2009) -Press, 2...

20102016 ( - , 1921 2009 ) 2009 ...

.00.02 -2013 - 03.00.02 -..,...,...,. - () 2013. 19-, 1400 : .-. , .. ...

- : 050100 : (): 2011 2 : . .-. .,...

.. ? , 2003 37 74 .. 73 ?: . 3- . .: , 2003. 120 . ISBN 5-85449-126-5 ...

ʠ 150- 7 : 蠗 LA DURE . , , , . , , , , - .. ...

577.32 03.00.2 - - - , .. . .. I. . ( ). 1....

2007 1. 2. 3. - 4. 5. 6. ...

. . , . . , 2 , 1 54(075.8) 2473 -28 : . , , - . . . ;...

! ! 109 ! ! ! ! ! : - , , ; ...

- . .. .. 2004-21 2004 .. . .. 630090 , c . .. . 1 , : , , , , ...

. . - .. () .. , -, , , - . .. , ...

- 050200.62 - 4 : ...

. . ( , , ) , 2011 1 .. , : 536 .. - .: -, 2011, - 300 . , ....

611-018.54; 621.793.1 ¨ nc-TiN/- Si3N4 , - * .. , *.. , *.. , * .. , ** .. , ***.. , ***.. , ***.. , ***.. * - ; ** - , ; *** . .. . , , ...

. IX., 30 -2 2012. 2..1 :, 2012 535(063) 22.34 17 : . . (. .), . . (. . .), . . , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . . : IX 17 . . . (, 30 2 2012 .). 2 . . 1 / [ .] ; .: . . (. .), . . (. ....

http://www.izdatgeo.ru , 2010, . 51, 1, . 93105 550.4:552.578.2(571.56) - ( ) .. , .. , .. *, .. ** . .. , 630090, , . , 3, * - , 190121,...

.. . 29 2009 . - : .....

2 1. - . : ; - ; - ,...

, 2011, . 52, 6, . 852861 550.832+532.546 .. , .. , .. * . .. , 630090, , . , 3, * . .. , 630090, , . , 15, - ...





...



 
<<     |    
2014 www.kniga.seluk.ru - - , , , ,

, .
, , , , 1-2 .