WWW.KNIGA.SELUK.RU

- , , , ,

 

UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE

COMMITTEE ON ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY

CONFERENCE OF EUROPEAN STATISTICIANS

Joint Intersectoral Task Force on Environmental Indicators

Third session

11-13 July 2011, Geneva

NATIONAL REVIEW OF THE APPLICATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL INDICATORS

SubmittedbytheRepublicofBelarus PreparedbyMs.IrinaV.Poleschuk,NationalStatisticalCommitteeoftheRepublicofBelarusand, For assistance in filling in the following tables please contact vladislav.bizek@gmail.com.

EVALUATIONOFFURTHERSIXINDICATORSFROMTHEUNECEINDICATOR GUIDELINES

C.Publicationoftheindicatorinstatistical A.Effectiveinteragencycooperationmechanisms B.Dataqualityassuranceandcontrolproceduresforthe Indicator compendiumsandstateoftheenvironment toproducetheindicator productionoftheindicator reports . 2006. BODandconcentrationof ammoniuminrivers . .  http://www.nsmos.by, Nutrientsinfreshwater .

Nutrientsincoastalseawaters IndicatorisbasedonthedataoftheRepublican Identificationofareasaffectedbywaterandwind Statisticalbook"EnvironmentalProtectioninthe ScientificSubsudiaryUnitaryEnterprise"Institute erosioninthecountryisconductedwithinsoilsurveyof RepublicofBelarus,2011".PublishedinRussian forSoilScienceandAgrochemistry" agriculturallandsonceper1520years.Scientificand andEnglish.Thebookcomprisesinformationas Areaaffectedbysoilerosion methodologicalmanagementandqualitycontrolforsoil ofJanuary1,2000;websiteoftheNational surveyworksismaintainedbytheInstituteforSoil StatisticalCommitteeoftheRepublicofBelarus ScienceandAgrochemistry IndicatorisbasedonthedataoftheMinistryof Pesticideapplicationinthecountryisundercontrolof Statisticalbook"EnvironmentalProtectioninthe AgricultureandFoodoftheRepublicofBelarus theStateInstitiution"MainStateInspectiononSeed RepublicofBelarus,2011".PublishedinRussian Growing,QuarantineandPlantProtection"andits andEnglish.Thebookcomprisesinformationfor Pesticideuse territorialsubdivisionsannuallyprovidedby 2000,20052010;websiteoftheNational organisationswithinformationonpesticideutilisation StatisticalCommitteeoftheRepublicofBelarus .





Consumptionofozonedepleting , , substances QuestionA. Effectiveinteragencycooperationmechanismstoproducetheindicator Pleasedescribecooperationarrangements,ifany,whichhavebeenestablishedinyourcountrytocollectthenecessarydatafortheindicator.Thesemayinvolvestatisticalagencies,ministriesofwatermanagement,agriculture, transport,interior,environment,economicdevelopmentandenergy,hydrometeorologicalservicesandagenciesongeology,asappropriate.Thedescriptionshouldcoverproblemsmet,solutionsfoundandpossiblefurthersteps envisagedorneeded.

QuestionB. Dataqualityassuranceandcontrolproceduresfortheproductionoftheindicator Pleasedescribedataqualityassuranceandcontrolproceduresfortheproductionoftheindicator.Thedescriptionshouldcoverproblemsmet,solutionsfoundandpossiblefurtherstepsenvisagedorneeded.Referencesshouldbe madetoanyinternationalmethodologiesandguidelinesthatarefollowedtoensuredataqualityandcontrol.

QuestionC. Publicationoftheindicatorinstatisticalcompendiumsandstateoftheenvironmentreports Pleasepresenttheevidenceoftheindicatorpublicationinstatisticalcompendiumsandstateoftheenvironmentreports(titles,namesofthepublishinghouses,citiesandyearsofthepublications,languages,numberofcopies published,Internetaddresses,andwhethertimeseriesdatawaspublishedontheindicator.

Thedescriptionoftheindicatorsisavailableonlineat:www.unece.org/env/documents/2007/ece/ece.belgrade.conf.2007.inf.6.e.pdf.

Š۠ՠΠ̠19902010,1.1.(5) .62,5 ,,,,.22 12. .. () :堠http://www.nsmos.by/content/402.html 5 118.02.2-85 2010 .





Š۠ՠΠ̠19902010,2a.堖: ..

() Š۠ՠΠ̠19902010,2b.堖: ..

(2) () () (P) (NO3) :

.,,(,).

:

:,.

Š۠ՠΠ̠19902010,2c.堖:

( , ,) ᠖ ( , ,) ᠖ :

.,,(,).

,,,,. ,.,,. ,. , . ,,.

(). ISO78903:1988;,.

Timeseriesdataontheindicatorsfor19902010,Table3.Nutrientsincoastalseawaters:(countryname) Nameofcoastalzone Numberofselected samplingpoints(from whichaverage concentrationsare calculated) Samplingfrequency Peryear mean Numberofanalyses Peryear average TotalphosphorusasP g/liter Summer TotalnitrogenasN g/liter Summer TotalphosphorusasP g/liter Autumn TotalnitrogenasN g/liter Autumn TotalphosphorusasP g/liter Winter TotalnitrogenasN g/liter Winter TotalphosphorusasP g/liter Spring TotalnitrogenasN g/liter Spring Notes: Averagevaluesofconcentrationsfromallselectedsamplingpointsforsummer,winter,autumnandspringperiodshouldbefilledin.Inthecaseofhighnumberofsamplingpointsonthecoastalzone,the countriesshouldselectatleastfiverepresentativepointsforthecalculationofaverageconcentrationstohaveabalancedrepresentationofwaterquality.Dataformoresamplingpointscanbeusedforthe calculationofaverageconcentrationsifthecountrydecidestodoso.Pleasefillinonesheetforeachcoastalzone.Ifavailable,themapshowingthelocationofsamplingpointsshouldbeadded. Methodsofmeasurementshouldbespecified.ItisrecommendedthatanalyticalmethodfordeterminingnitratesshouldbecompliantwithISO78903:1988andanalyticalmethodfordeterminingphosphates shouldbecompliantwithISO6878:2004.Preferably,referencemethodsasagreeduponintheJointmonitoringprogramestablishedwithintheframeworkoftheOSPARConvention(http://www.ospar.org).

Timeseriesdataontheindicatorsfor19902010,Table4.Areaaffectedbyerosion:Belarus Shareintotalagricultural land Shareintotalagricultural land Shareintotalagricultural land Shareintotalagricultural land Shareintotalagricultural land Shareintotalagricultural land Shareintotalagricultural land Shareintotalagricultural land Shareintotalagricultural land Shareintotalagricultural land Shareintotalagricultural land Shareintotalagricultural land Shareintotalagricultural land Shareintotalagricultural land Shareintotalagricultural land Shareintotalagricultural land Shareintotalagricultural land Shareintotalagricultural land Glossary:

Erosion:Waterandwinderosionismeasuredasnetlossofsoil(intonsperhectareperyear). Note:Ifyourcountryappliesclassificationfortheseverityoferosiondifferentfromthatpresentedabove,providethedataaccordingtothenationalclassificationandgivethedetailedexplanationofthe nationalsystem.Ifdatafor1990orotheryearisnotavailable,fillinn.a..

Moreinformation: AssessmentandReportingonSoilErosion,TechnicalReport94/2003,EuropeanEnvironmentAgency2003,http://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/technical_report_2003_94 Timeseriesdataontheindicatorsfor19902010,Table5.Pesticideuse:(countryname) Insecticides consumption Herbicidesanddesiccants consumption Fungicidesand consumption Plantregulators consumption Rodenticides consumption Others(e.g.mineraloils) consumption Totalconsumption(all pesticides) Pesticideuseperunitof Kg/hecta Note: Datashouldrelatetopesticideconsumptioninagriculture,forestryandgardening.Otherwise,kindlyindicateifdatarefertosales,distributionorimportsforuseinparticularsectors.Ifdatafor1990 orotheryearisnotavailable,fillinn.a..

Datashouldbeexpressedinactiveingredients(A.I.).Therefore,calculatethevolumeofA.I.containedinindividualproductsandthenincludeitintherelevantgroupintable3.Alternatively,thedata maybereportedby:consumptionincommercialproducts;sales;distributionorimportsforuseintheagriculturalsector.

Glossary:

Insecticide:Pesticideusedagainstinsects Herbicide:Pesticideagainstunwantedplants(weed) Desiccant:Hygroscopicsubstancethatinducesorsustainsastateofdryness Fungicide:Pesticideforthecontroloffungiandoomycetes Bactericide:Pesticideforthecontrolofbacteria Plantregulator:Pesticidethatretardsthegrowthofplants Rodenticide:Pesticideforthecontrolofrodens ActiveIngredients:Apesticideproducthastwomaincomponents:theActiveIngredient(s)andtheinert(other)ingredient(s).Theactiveingredientisthespecificcompounddesignedtoadverselyeffect apest.Pesticideactiveingredientsaregenerallynotappliedintheirpureform,butareusuallyincludedinformulationswithinertingredientsthatimprovetheirstorage,handling,application, effectiveness,orsafety.Contentofactiveingredientisobviouslypresentedeitherinpesticideproductdocumentationoronthepesticideproductpackaging. Moreinformation:

ComprehensiveinformationonpesticidescanbefoundattheFAOpagehttp://www.fao.org/agriculture/crops/corethemes/theme/pests/en. Thedetailedlistofpesticidesincludingchemicalsubstancesandexampleoftradenamesofcommercialproductscanbefoundathttp://www.fao.org/economic/ess/essagri/essresourcemeth/en (Questionnaires,Pesticides,2010,AnnexI) Timeseriesdataontheindicatorsfor19902010,Table5a.Pesticideapplicationbyagriculturalorganisations:Belarus Insecticides consumption Herbicidesanddesiccants consumption Fungicidesand consumption Plantregulators consumption Rodenticides consumption Others(e.g.mineraloils) consumption Totalconsumption(all pesticides) Totalarableand ofendoftheyear) Pesticideuseperunitof Kg/hecta Note: Datacoverpesticideapplicationinagriculture.Dataareprovidedintermsofphysicalweight,butnotintermsofactivesubstance Datashouldrelatetopesticideconsumptioninagriculture,forestryandgardening.Otherwise,kindlyindicateifdatarefertosales,distributionorimportsforuseinparticularsectors.Ifdatafor1990 orotheryearisnotavailable,fillinn.a..

Datashouldbeexpressedinactiveingredients(A.I.).Therefore,calculatethevolumeofA.I.containedinindividualproductsandthenincludeitintherelevantgroupintable3.Alternatively,thedata maybereportedby:consumptionincommercialproducts;sales;distributionorimportsforuseintheagriculturalsector.

Glossary:

Insecticide:Pesticideusedagainstinsects Herbicide:Pesticideagainstunwantedplants(weed) Desiccant:Hygroscopicsubstancethatinducesorsustainsastateofdryness Fungicide:Pesticideforthecontroloffungiandoomycetes Bactericide:Pesticideforthecontrolofbacteria Plantregulator:Pesticidethatretardsthegrowthofplants Rodenticide:Pesticideforthecontrolofrodens ActiveIngredients:Apesticideproducthastwomaincomponents:theActiveIngredient(s)andtheinert(other)ingredient(s).Theactiveingredientisthespecificcompounddesignedtoadverselyeffect apest.Pesticideactiveingredientsaregenerallynotappliedintheirpureform,butareusuallyincludedinformulationswithinertingredientsthatimprovetheirstorage,handling,application, effectiveness,orsafety.Contentofactiveingredientisobviouslypresentedeitherinpesticideproductdocumentationoronthepesticideproductpackaging. Moreinformation:

ComprehensiveinformationonpesticidescanbefoundattheFAOpagehttp://www.fao.org/agriculture/crops/corethemes/theme/pests/en. Thedetailedlistofpesticidesincludingchemicalsubstancesandexampleoftradenamesofcommercialproductscanbefoundathttp://www.fao.org/economic/ess/essagri/essresourcemeth/en (Questionnaires,Pesticides,2010,AnnexI) Timeseriesdataontheindicatorsfor19902010,Table5b.Pesticideapplicationinforestry:Belarus Insecticides consumption Herbicidesanddesiccants consumption Fungicidesand consumption Plantregulators consumption Rodenticides consumption Others(e.g.mineraloils) consumption Totalconsumption(all pesticides) Pesticideuseperunitof Kg/hecta Note: Datacoverpesticideapplicationinforestry.Dataareprovidedintermsofphysicalweight,butnotintermsofactivesubstance Datashouldrelatetopesticideconsumptioninagriculture,forestryandgardening.Otherwise,kindlyindicateifdatarefertosales,distributionorimportsforuseinparticularsectors.Ifdatafor1990 orotheryearisnotavailable,fillinn.a..

Datashouldbeexpressedinactiveingredients(A.I.).Therefore,calculatethevolumeofA.I.containedinindividualproductsandthenincludeitintherelevantgroupintable3.Alternatively,thedata maybereportedby:consumptionincommercialproducts;sales;distributionorimportsforuseintheagriculturalsector.

Glossary:

Insecticide:Pesticideusedagainstinsects Herbicide:Pesticideagainstunwantedplants(weed) Desiccant:Hygroscopicsubstancethatinducesorsustainsastateofdryness Fungicide:Pesticideforthecontroloffungiandoomycetes Bactericide:Pesticideforthecontrolofbacteria Plantregulator:Pesticidethatretardsthegrowthofplants Rodenticide:Pesticideforthecontrolofrodens ActiveIngredients:Apesticideproducthastwomaincomponents:theActiveIngredient(s)andtheinert(other)ingredient(s).Theactiveingredientisthespecificcompounddesignedtoadverselyeffect apest.Pesticideactiveingredientsaregenerallynotappliedintheirpureform,butareusuallyincludedinformulationswithinertingredientsthatimprovetheirstorage,handling,application, effectiveness,orsafety.Contentofactiveingredientisobviouslypresentedeitherinpesticideproductdocumentationoronthepesticideproductpackaging. Moreinformation:

ComprehensiveinformationonpesticidescanbefoundattheFAOpagehttp://www.fao.org/agriculture/crops/corethemes/theme/pests/en. Thedetailedlistofpesticidesincludingchemicalsubstancesandexampleoftradenamesofcommercialproductscanbefoundathttp://www.fao.org/economic/ess/essagri/essresourcemeth/en (Questionnaires,Pesticides,2010,AnnexI) Š۠ՠΠ̠19902010,6a.( Ӡ :

,., (),.1990, ,,....

:

Ӡ(11,12,113,114115). 1211,13012402. Ӡ13,111,112,211,212,213,214,215,216,217. Ӡ.

Ӡ. Ѡ.

Š۠ՠΠ̠19902010,6b.( Ӡ :,6,,.

Note:OnlytheODPvaluesofthemostimportantODSarelistedbelow.OtherODSarerarelyusedandthusoflittlesignificanceforreportingand assessingcompliance.ForacompletelistofODPvaluesofcontrolledsubstancesrefertotheAnnexesoftheMontrealProtocol.

Source:1997UpdateoftheHandbookfortheInternationalTreatiesfortheProtectionoftheOzoneLayer,MontrealProtocol,AnnexesA,B,CandE HandbookfortheMontrealProtocolonSubstancesthatDepletetheOzoneLayer,Eighthedition,UNEP2009(inEnglish),http://ozone.unep.org/Publications HandbookonDataReportingundertheMontrealProtocol,UNEP1999(inEnglishandRussian);http://ozone.unep.org/Data_Reporting/Data_Reporting_Tools.

 
:

. . . . , , . ...

(, ) 77-34107 5 ( 2012 .) 3 - 9 16 - 45 , , , : .. : .. : .. / . (499)...

_ _ 20 . . 25 2014 . _, :, , , , , , , , , : 1. ,...

www.valentino.com SH Edito : Fashion, . Fashion , . - . . , . , . SH Trend PARIS , , ...

, , . , . . , ; , 糳, . ...

: 08902-A 4 2012 . : 129110 , . , , . 18/1 , , .. : 14 2013 . .. : 14 2013 ....

2005 , 2006 . 1 1. 2002 , , . , ...

. .., .., .., .., .. .., ..1,2, .A.2, ..1,2, ..1 1 1 , 2 .. ( ) ...

. .. Ҕ 3 (67) 2011 , . .. ISSN 1818-8052 3(67) ...

- ( ) 1. - ...

Vladimir Ya. Levanidov's Biennial Memorial Meetings . 2 2003 , (- ) .. 1, .. 1, .. 1, .. 1, .. 2 1 - (), , 17, , 107140, , E-mail: physiology@vniro.ru 2 - ...

21 _ 3 b . , . , . 1965 13S . ...

llLfou, Ulpufliag EjcaraPamaoi , 1, 2 294.118 86.39 96 .. 96 . 1,2. / .. . .: -, 2008. 336 .: . ISBN 978-5-9787-0225-5 , , . , , , . ...

1. 2. . - . 14 2.1. 2.2. 2.3. 2.4. ...

. //, , 2011 ISBN: 978-5-699-48886-5 FB2: Chernov2 chernov@orel.ru, 14 May 2011, version 1.0 UUID: c3577af7-7e1d-11e0-9959-47117d41cf4b PDF: fb2pdf-j.20111230, 13.01.2012 ࠖ . , , . , , . ,  . , ...

b Maenogac yDlnnHa,ln, e-i LB ee A ea Bo qs adE n omut nv i i WILEY Wiley Publishing, Inc. - , , - 2003 32.973.26-018.2.75 681.3.07 . . .. .. , .. .. :...

StoreData. 2010 . URL StoreData (- 17.03.10) Byte 18.03.10 http://www.byte 17.03.2010 (Bytemag.ru) mag.ru/articles/ detail.php?ID=1 Internet Exchange (MSK-IX) 6382 StoreData ( ., 32). -...

519.63 HELMHOLTZ3D1 .. Helmholtz3D, , . () ...

2010 , c 2010 . , : (); ; ; ...

RU RU Additional languages www.stahl-ex.com RU RU RU RU RU RU RU RU RU RU RU RU RU RU RU RU RU RU Ex d RU RU RU RU 8265/0 RU 8265/4 , Ex e RU 8265/5 RU RU 1 RU 1.1 RU 1.2 1.3 RU 2 RU 3 ...






 
<<     |    
2014 www.kniga.seluk.ru - - , , , ,

, .
, , , , 1-2 .