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Science and Education. June 27-28, 2012

Science and Education

MATERIALS

OF THE INTERNATIONAL

RESEARCH AND PRACTICE CONFERENCE

June 27-28, 2012

Wiesbaden, Germany 2012

1

Science and Education. June 27-28, 2012

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Science and Education [Text] : materials of the international research and practice conference, Wiesbaden, June 27-28, 2012 / publishing office ŤBildungszentrum Rodnik e.

V.ť. – ń. Wiesbaden, Germany, 2012. – 572 p.

ISBN 978-3-9811753-8- The collection of materials of the international research and practice conference “Science and Education” is the research and practice edition. It gives an opportunity for scientists and experts to get acquainted with achievements of the priority directions of modern science, to show the results of the researches, to exchange experience, to publish scientific articles that will promote productive scientific work, realization of creative potential, origin of new ideas and establishment of friendly relations and possibilities for cooperation.

It includes the scientific articles of students, postdoctoral students, graduate students, research scientists of higher education institutions.

Printed in Germany Publishing office ŤBildungszentrum Rodnik e. V.ť Wiesbaden, Germany Tel.: 0611- 89 Fax.: 0611- 89 stafinsky@reenet.de First edition Š 2012 Bildungszentrum Rodnik e. V.

Š 2012 Strategic Studies Institute Š 2012 Article writers Š 2012 All rights reserved Science and Education. June 27-28,

CONTENT

PREFACE……………………………………………………………………………………………………

PHYSICS AND MATHEMATICS

Aulchenko S.M., Vasilyeva E.I., Kaledin V.O.

ABOUT ACCURACY OF THE NUMERICAL SCHEME OF INTEGRATION MOTION EQUATION OF

SOLID VISCOUS FLUID……………………………………………………………………………………

CHEMICAL SCIENCES

Rzaev B.Z., Mamedkhanova A.B.

NEW METHOD OF RECEIVING THREE-INDIUM MONOSULPHIDE………………………………... Vovod Yu.V., Uskova E.N., Okina E.V.

SORPTION AND FLUORIMETRIC DEFINITION OF IONS ŃU (II)…………………………………….

BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES

Hudyakova N.A.

ARRANGEMENT OF MOTOR REPRESENTATIONS OF FACE AND SOMATIC MUSCLES IN

MOTOR CORTEX DJUNGARIAN HAMSTER (PHODOPUS SUNGORUS)…………………………. Musayev Ye.Ę., Musayeva Zh.K., Dosanov S.M.

THE COMPLEX APPROACH TO BIOREMEDIATION OF THE OIL SOILS

OF ZHETYBAI……………………………………………………………………………………………….

GEOLOGICAL AND MINERALOGICAL SCIENCES

Valieva I.R., Nefedov V.A.

TO THE QUESTIONS OF ACID DECATENITION AND DEALUMINATION OF NATURAL

PALEOZOIC ZEOLITIC AND ZEOLITE - MONTMORILLONITE OF BREEDS………………………

TECHNICAL SCIENCES

Adamkov A.V., Ermolaev A.M.

WAYS OF VIRGIN COAL DESTRUCTION, PROMOTING THE SMALLEST DUST FORMATION

AND COAL DEGRADATION……………………………………………………………………………….. Arinarkhova N.V., Ravkovskaya E.V., Kaledin V.O.

APPLICATION OF VISUAL PROGRAMMING IN PROBLEMS OF

COMPUTING EXPERIMENT……………………………………………………………………………… Bisterfeld O.A.

SIMULATION OF DATA TRANSFERS ON COMMUNICATION LINK WITH A SATELLITE

SEGMENT…………………………………………………………………………………………………… Boky D.I., Chistjakova T.B., Bojkova O.G.

PROCEDURES OF EVALUATION OF RELIABILITY OF SOFT – AND HARDWARE COMPLEX OF

APCS FOR LOW POWER ELECTRIC PLANTS………………………………………………………… Elokhin A.P., Zhilina M.V.

METHODS OF RADIATING CONTROL OF RADIOACTIVE ENVIRONMENTAL

POLLUTION………………………………………………………………………………………………….. Imomov Sh.B., Uzakov G.N., Halikova H.A., Hamraev S.I., Ismailov A.S., Kamilova N.A.

THERMAL CONDITIONS OF THE WATER HEAT ACCUMULATOR IN THE SYSTEM OF SOLAR

HEATING…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. Kuklina I.G.





STRATEGY OF INFORMATIZATION DURING TRAINING BACHELORS AND MASTERS OF

SPECIALTY “CONSTRUCTION AND ROAD MACHINERY”………………………………………….. Moliboga E.A.

DESIGN OF THE CHEESE PRODUCTS ENRICHED WITH NONCONVENTIONAL GRAIN FLOUR

COMPONENTS OF THE SIBERIAN REGION………………………………………………………….. Radkevich M.V.

A NEW METHOD OF INVENTORYING GREENHOUSE GAS PRODUCED BY THE ROAD–

VEHICLE COMPLEX……………………………………………………………………………………….. Rogov V.A., Shkarupa M.I.

MATHEMATICAL MODELLING OF MAGNETRON SPUTTER DEPOSITION OF NANOCOATINGS

ON THE SURFACE OF DETAILS FROM FUNCTIONAL CONSTRUCTIONAL CERAMICS AFTER

MECHANICAL PROCESSING BY ABRASIVE ACTION………………………………………………

AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES

Iskakov A.K.

THE OILSEED FLAX GROWING IN KAZAKHSTAN…………………………………………………... Lapina T.I., Yurchenko E.N., Kostina E.E., Lyashchenko L.A., Tokarev O.I.

PATHOHISTOLOGY IN THE PROCESS OF VIRAL HEPATITIS E HENS…………………………. Sharybar S.V.

SOCIAL POTENTIAL OF THE AGRICULTURAL ENTERPRISE……………………………………..

HISTORY

Akhmadova H.H., Syrkin A.M., Hadisova Zh.T.

THE MAIN SCHEMES OF THERMAL CRACKING INSTALLATIONS IN NATIVE OIL REFINING…

Nikolaev O.S.

ORGANIZATION OF THE HEALTH SERVICE OF RUSSIAN ARMY IN

PATRIOTIC WAR OF 1812………………………………………………………………………………..

ECONOMICS

Apaeva M.M., Mollaeva M.I.

TERRITORIAL ASPECTS OF CLUSTER-BASED POLICY (BY THE EXAMPLE OF REPUBLIC

DAGESTAN)………………………………………………………………………………………………... Firsova I.A., Firsov Yu.I.

THE NATIONAL SYSTEM OF STANDARDS IN RUSSIA…………………………………………….. Goncharenko A.V.

MULTIFRACTAL ANALYSIS OF CURRENCIES MARKET. MATHEMATICAL AND STATISTICAL

ANALYSIS…………………………………………………………………………………………………... Ivashchenko N.P., Engovatova A.A.

THE REASONS OF TRANSITION OF UNIVERSITIES TO POST-CLASSICAL FUNCTIONAL

MODEL: ANALYSIS OF WORLD TENDENCIES………………………………………………………. Lepihina T.L., Karpovich Y.V.

CONDITIONS OF THE SUSTAINABLE DEMAND FORMATION FOR HEALTH PROTECTION

SERVICES………………………………………………………………………………………………….. Mozgacheva A.S.

FEATURES OF SPEECH INTERACTION IN BRAND-COMMUNICATION………………………… Radosteva Yu.V.

GLOBAL LABOUR MARKET AND ITS FEATURES AS ONE OF THE PRESENT PROBLEMS (BY

THE EXAMPLE OF RUSSIA)…………………………………………………………………………….. Savenkova O.Yu.

THE GOVERNMENT REGULATION IMPROVEMENT OF RURAL MUNICIPAL FORMATIONS BY

MEANS OF SOCIALLY ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT………………………………………………... Shamisheva N.K., Isaeva B.K.

STATE SUPPORT OF INDUSTRIAL AND INNOVATIVE ACTIVITY IN THE REPUBLIC OF

KAZAKHSTAN……………………………………………………………………………………………… Zotkina M.A.

OPERATIVE MONITORING OF PRIME COST AT THE ENTERPRISES OF ROAD FREIGHT

TRANSPORT IN MODERN ECONOMIC CONDITIONS………………………………………………

PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES

Emelyanov A.S.

DER BEGRIFF DIE VERSTEHEN UND DAS SEIN ALS DIE SORGE IN DIE PHNOMENOLOGIE

VOM M. HEIDEGGER……………………………………………………………………………………. Isaev A.A.

THE ROLE OF SOCIAL AND HUMANITARIAN DISCIPLINES IN MODERN EDUCATIONAL

PROCESS…………………………………………………………………………………………………. Serebryakova Yu.V.

SOCIAL AND SEMANTIC MATERIALS "FANTASMS": STRATEGY OF PHILOSOPHIZING OF S.

KRZHIZHANOVSKY AND S. ZHIZHEK………………………………………………………………… Zagorulko L.P.

SOCIAL PHILOSOPHY AS THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL BACKGROUND OF

LANGUAGE EDUCATION RESEARCH………………………………………………………………..

PHILOLOGY

Akimova T.I.

COURTEOUS DISCOURSE AS EDUCATIONAL IN CATHERINE II LETTERS OF 1762-1774… Buglak S.I.

INFERENTIVES AND HIDDEN INFORMATION IN ENGLISH STATEMENTS…………………….. Degteva I.V.

ELEMENTS OF THE COMPONENTAL ANALYSIS IN THE COURSE OF TRAINING TO RUSSIAN

LEXICON……………………………………………………………………………………………………. Efremov N.N.

SPACE STRUCTURES WITH ADVERBIAL LOCALIZERS IN THE YAKUT LANGUAGE…………

Enkhtuya Ts.

PROBLEMS OF CREATING EDUCATIONAL RUSSIAN-NATIONAL BILINGUAL EPONYM

DICTIONARY……………………………………………………………………………………………….. Hatkhe A.A.

LANDSCAPE AS BODY-BUILDING NARRATION BEGINNING IN WORKS OF ART…………….. Ivanova N.A., Lyapaeva L.V., Maksimova I.P.

ORIGINALITY OF CHRONOTOPICAL STRUCTURES IN B. ZAYTSEV AND E.ELLIYEV'S SMALL

PROSE……………………………………………………………………………………………………… Kindrya N.A.

QUESTIONS OF STUDYING ENGLISH AND RUSSIAN PHRASEOLOGICAL UNITS WITH

ZOONYM COMPONENT IN THE LIGHT OF CULTURAL HISTORY……………………………….. Kurilova S.N.

THE SYSTEM OF THE INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS OF TUNDRA YUKAGHIR ON

DECLENSION AND SYNTACTIC USAGE……………………………………………………………… Kuzmina R.P.

THE CATEGORY OF VERB INCLINATION IN LANGUAGE WEST REGION DIALECTS OF EVEN

LANGUAGE………………………………………………………………………………………………… Nesterova E.V.

SUPERNATURAL BEINGS OF EVEN FOLKLORE: ARINKA AND ARISAG (SIMILARITY AND

DIFFERENCE)……………………………………………………………………………………………. Nilova C.V.

THE MAIN TYPES OF DISPLAYING VERBAL AGGRESSION AND THEIR DESCRIPTIONS….

Preobrazhenskiy S.Yu.

PEONIC POEM AS INTERTEXTUALITY SIGNAL (DMITRIY VEDENYAPIN AND VLADIMIR

POLETAEV)……………………………………………………………………………………………….. Reva E.K.

WAYS OF INTERPRETATION IN MASS MEDIA OF THE NATION IMAGE AND ITS CULTURAL

FOUNDATION (BY THE MATERIAL OF FEATURES IN JOURNALS ŤFRIENDSHIP OF THE

PEOPLEť AND ŤTHE NEW WORLDť)………………………………………………………………… Sadovnikova I.I.

LEXICAL COMPLIANCES IN EVEN VEGETATIVE VOCABULARY AND IN OTHER TUNGUS

LANGUAGES………………………………………………………………………………………………. Sakharova Ye.Ye.

ACTUALIZATION OF CONFIDENCE IN THE VERBAL BEHAVIOR (ON THE MATERIAL OF

PREACHING DISCOURSE)……………………………………………………………………………… Salyaeva N.M.

ABOUT DEVELOPMENT OF THE TERMINOLOGY DESIGNATING PERSONS, DEPRIVED OF

FREEDOM IN OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS OF THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE AT THE END OF XVIII – THE

BEGINNING OF THE XIX CENTURY…………………………………………………………………… Savvinova S.N.

CHARACTERS OF "STRANGERS" IN FOLKLORE EVENS (BEYMEGENS,

HEYEKS, NYURIMNS)…………………………………………………………………………………… Sereda E.V.

PARTS OF SPEECH SYSTEM OF MODERN RUSSIAN LANGUAGE TAKING INTO ACCOUNT

TRANSITIVITY……………………………………………………………………………………………... Sharina S.I., Burykin A.A.

NEW ABOUT EVEN LANGUAGE NUMERALS………………………………………………………… Sitosanova O.V., Smolina O.A.

LINGUO-PRAGMATIC ASPECT OF THE WORD "EVEN"…………………………………………… Zhindeeva E.A., Glazunova E.A.

MODALITY OF PHILOSOPHICAL KNOWLEDGE IN THE ART TEXT AS STRATEGY OF

AUTHOR'S IDEA OF THE WORLD………………………………………………………………………

GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES

Kocheeva N.A., Dmitriev A.N., Krechetova C.J., Tudueva A.K., Yankubaeva A.S.

KOLOGISCHE BEDEUTUNG DES GEWITTERS UND DIE BEWERTUNG DER

GEWITTERAKTIVITT AUF DEM TERRITORIUM DER REPUBLIK ALTAI………………………..

JURISPRUDENCE

Gashumova K.A.

BIOSOCIAL FACTORS OF CRIMINALITY OF JOINT OFFENDERS………………………………. Milshina I.V.

CUSTOMS DUTIES: THEORETICAL AND LEGAL ASPECT……………………………………...... Poroyko M.S.

ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF IMPROVEMENT FACULTATIVE LEGAL REGULATION IN CRIMINAL

LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION………………………………………………………………… Sementsov V.A., Gladysheva O.V.

POLYGRAPH AND ITS APPLICATION IN THE RUSSIAN CRIMINAL LEGAL PROCEEDINGS..

Syvorotkina I.Yu.

INNOVATIONS IN TEACHING BRANCHES OF JURISPRUDENCE……………………………….. Tishchenko E.

ECONOMIC CRISES AND CRIMINALITY: PROBLEMS OF MUTUAL INFLUENCE……………… Zhadan V.N.

SOME PROBLEMS IN AVERMENT OF LEGALIZATION OF MONETARY FUNDS OR OTHER

OFFENSE-RELATED PROPERTY………………………………………………………………………. Zhurkov V.V.

PROPERTY CONFISCATION FOR THE NO-PURPOSE EXPENDITURE OF BUDGETARY FUNDS

AS THE NECESSARY MEASURE OF CRIMINAL AND LEGAL POLICY FOR SAFETY OF THE

SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC SPHERE DEVELOPMENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION……….

PEDAGOGICAL SCIENCES

Abakumova N.N.

USING TAXONOMY OF COGNITIVE COMPLEXITY IN DESIGN OF COMPETENCE-BASED

TASKS………………………………………………………………………………………………………. Akgezova G.K., Salimgereeva Z.I.

MORAL EDUCATION OF SCHOOL STUDENTS THROUGH S. ALBERIEV'S SMALL PROSE....

Alekseeva L.I.

WORK ON THE LEXICAL PARTY OF SPEECH IN TECHNICAL COLLEGE IN THE PROCESS OF

STUDYING ENGLISH……………………………………………………………………………………... Balalieva O.V.

PRESCHOOL INSTITUTION IN THE STRUCTURE OF EDUCATIONAL CLUSTER

DEVELOPMENT…………………………………………………………………………………………… Denisova V.V.

SOCIAL AND EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT AS A FACTOR OF SAFETY CULTURE

TEENS………………………………………………………………………………………………………. Fedchyshyn N.

ENTWICKLUNG VON IDEEN DER HERBARTIANISCHEN PDAGOGIK IN DER UKRAINE (ENDE

XIX. – ANFANG DES XX. JAHRHUNDERTS)………………………………………………………….. Fedota N.V., Kiseleva E.O.

ASPECTS OF TRAINING GRADUATES FOR PROFESSIONAL JOINING INTO THE LABOR

MARKET…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. Frolenko O.V.

HISTORICAL ROLE OF RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH IN EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY………

Kashina N.I.

REALIZATION OF THE METAMETHODICAL APPROACH IN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS

WITH THE COSSACK CADET COMPONENT OF EDUCATION……………………………………. Kiseleva N.A.

USING NETWORK SERVICES IN EDUCATION OF SENIORS IN THE RESOURCE CENTERS OF

SPECIALIZED EDUCATION……………………………………………………………………………… Kolechkin I.S., Sereda E.V.

GEOGRAPHICAL NOMENCLATURE: THE SYSTEM OF METHODS OF STUDYING IN

DIFFERENT EDUCATIONAL CONCENTRS OF THE RUSSIAN SCHOOL TAKING INTO ACCOUNT

STUDENT PSYCHOTYPE………………………………………………………………………………... Krasnozhonova E.S.

NONVERBAL COMPONENTS OF COMMUNICATION IN THE CONDITIONS OF

INTERCULTURAL CONTACTS………………………………………………………………………….. Kubasova E.V.

METHODICAL RECOMMENDATIONS ABOUT ELECTIVE COURSE OF ASTRONOMY IN

SECONDARY SCHOOL…………………………………………………………………………………... Kuznetsov V.M.

HISTORY AND CULTURE OF THE RUSSIAN GERMANS IN TEACHING OF THE INTEGRATED

SUBJECT ŤSTUDY OF LOCAL LORE. CHELYABINSK REGIONť…………………………………. Kvas O.V., Klym M.I.

EVOLUTION OF PEDAGOGICAL VIEWS ON FAMILY EDUCATION IN GERMANY (1895 – 1933) AND ITS DEVELOPMENT IN MODERN UKRAINE…………………………………………………… Makeeva I.A.

SOCIALIZATION OF ORPHANED CHILDREN: THEORETICAL AND APPLIED ASPECTS……..

Miftakhutdinova T.V.

STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS OF PROFESSIONAL INTERCULTURAL COMPETENCE OF

STUDENTS IN AGRARIAN HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION………………………………….. Nasonova O.A.

THE RESULTS OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCHES OF INTEGRATION OF THE WORD AND MUSIC

USED AT LESSONS OF THE LANGUAGE CYCLE AND THEIR INTRODUCTION IN

EDUCATIONAL PROCESS OF SCHOOL BY MEANS OF INTERNET TECHNOLOGIES………..

Okulova L.P.

PEDAGOGICAL AND ERGONOMIC BASES OF PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITY TAKING INTO

ACCOUNT GENDER ASPECT…………………………………………………………………………. Osetrova O.V.

POSSIBILITIES OF THE ORGANIZATION OF QUALIFYING PREPARATION OF THE TEACHERRESEARCHER FOR RESEARCH (MEDICAL) UNIVERSITIES…………………………………….. Pilipchevskaya N.V.

TUTOR SUPPORT OF STUDENTS FEATURES IN SYSTEM OF ADDITIONAL VOCATIONAL

EDUCATION……………………………………………………………………………………………….. Ridei N.M., Amelina S.N., Palamarchuk S.P., Shofolov D.L.

STRUCTURALLY COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF MAINTENANCE OF QUALITY MANAGEMENT

STANDARDS IN THE FIELD OF EDUCATION IN UKRAINE AND THE USA…………………….. Strokal V., Rideł N., Rybalko Y., Hitrenko T., Sytska A.

METHODOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES OF LANDSCAPE-ECOLOGICAL TEACHING PRACTICE OF

STUDENT-ECOLOGISTS IN UKRAINE………………………………………………………………… Vilkova L.V.

EVALUATION OF QUALITY: SPECIFIC FEATURES OF SCHOOL FOREIGN LANGUAGE

EDUCATION……………………………………………………………………………………………….. Vodyanenko G.R.

FORMING INFORMATION SPACE OF THE PUPIL IN EDUCATIONAL PROCESS OF

SECONDARY SCHOOL…………………………………………………………………………………... Vozzhennikova S.A., Vozzhennikov V.S., Zemlyanoy M.A.

EXPERIMENTAL EFFICIENCY CHECKING OF FORMING ADAPTIVE QUALITIES OF THE

PERSON ON THE BASIS OF THE PHENOMENON OF DOMINATING MOTIVATION (BY THE

EXAMPLE OF THE PROFESSIONAL LYCEUM "BUILDER" š 4 IN NOVOROSSIYSK,

KRASNODAR TERRITORY)……………………………………………………………………………… Yugova E.A.

HEALTHY LIFESTYLE FORMATION OF STUDENTS IN HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS...

MEDICAL SCIENCES

Gafarov V.V., Tatarinova V.V., Gorokhova E.V.

MORBIDITY, MORTALITY AND LETHALITY BECAUSE OF ACUTE MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION

IN YAKUTSK AT THE AGE OF 25-64 YEARS (WHO PROGRAM THE REGISTER AMI)………... Rozikhodjaeva G.A., Ikramova Z.T.

IDENTIFICATION MARKERS ATHEROSCLEROTIC THICKENING OF VASCULAR WALL……..

Rozikhodjaeva G.A., Hudoynazarov S.K., Yokubov K.R., Nuritdinov Sh.F., Hikmatov S.K.

STUDY OF TRACE ELEMENTS IN HAIR AT PATIENTS WITH CAROTID ATHEROSCLEROSIS..

PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCES

Emelyanova T.V.

INDICATORS OF VERBAL THINKING AND FORMED SKILL OF READING OF FIRST GRADERS

WITH DIFFERENT LEVEL OF ORAL SPEECH DEVELOPMENT…………………………………… Plaksina I.V.

STRUCTURE OF PROFESSIONAL AND PERSONAL COMPETENCIES OF HIGH SCHOOL

PEDAGOGUES…………………………………………………………………………………………….. Zaikin V.A.

THE GROUP MORAL DECISIONS STUDY AND GROUP MORAL FUNCTIONING AS ASPECTS

OF GROUP DYNAMICS AND INTERACTION…………………………………………………………. Zinalieva N.K.

NEED OF COMMUNICATIVE ASPECTS OF COMMUNICATION

FOR PRACTICAL PSYCHOLOGY……………………………………………………………………….

SOCIOLOGY

Babich I.N.

INTERDISCIPLINARY METHODOLOGY AND ITS APPLICATION IN DAILY EDUCATIONAL

PRACTICE………………………………………………………………………………………………….. Bazanov V.A.

DIASPORA ALS SYSTEM………………………………………………………………………………… Trotsuk I.V.

TYPES OF TEXTUAL ANALYSIS: DIFFICULTIES OF USE WITHIN SOCIOLOGICAL

RESEARCH…………………………………………………………………………………………………. Usmanova E.R.

MANIPULATIONS IN SOCIAL NETWORKS……………………………………………………………. Yanbukhtin R.M.

SOCIAL ROLE OF POLICE INSTITUTE IN MODERN RUSSIA………………………………………

POLITICAL SCIENCE

Filina N.V.

PARADIGM OF THEOLOGICAL EDUCATION AT THE PRESENT STAGE………………………..

CULTUROLOGY

Lepeshkina L.Yu.

THE ROLE OF GERMAN SCIENTISTS IN RESEARCH OF DAILY CULTURE OF THE PEOPLES

OF THE CENTRAL VOLGA REGION IN 17-19 CENTURIES………………………………………… Samkova V.A.

CREATIVE CITIES, CREATIVE PEOPLE: SEARCH OF NEW SENSES……………………………

PREFACE

The first international research and practice conference ŤScience and Educationť which were held in June, 2012, was the work of Strategic Studies Institute for development of research activity.

The collection contains articles and the materials, differing novelty and detailed study of the problems. The sections organized within the limits of conference have been united by the necessity of scientific knowledge integration of various schools and directions.

The purpose of the publication is expansion of outlook of researchers, their acquaintance with actual problems of modern science, inspiration on further scientific searches. The science becomes the strategic area providing national safety. Competitive ability of the country is measured according to the educational level of the rising generation.

It should be noted that scientific investigations of the researchers from the former Soviet states are highly underestimated in European Academe. First of all it is a problem of researches in the field of humanitarian and social sciences.

The changes occurring in the modern world demand new understanding of professional competence of the researcher, and it means the necessity of professional development.

This conference is necessary to acquaint the European scientific community with the achievements of science and technology in countries of Eastern Europe, to set out the basic vectors of possible cooperation in various spheres.

It is intended for teachers, graduate students and students of various disciplines for the purpose of use in scientific work and educational activity.

PHYSICS AND MATHEMATICS

ABOUT ACCURACY OF THE NUMERICAL SCHEME OF INTEGRATION MOTION

EQUATION OF SOLID VISCOUS FLUID

Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics of S.A. Hristianovicha of the Siberian Branch of the Novokuznetsk Institute (branch) of the Kemerovo State University

Abstract

The problem of modeling current of the viscous environment without internal communications in limited area under boundary conditions in speeds and pressure is considered. The boundary problem is formulated in a variation look and numerary decides with the help of method of final elements. Comparison with the received analytical solution of problem is carried out.

Keywords: viscous compressed liquid, field of speeds, method of small parameter, own functions, method of final elements.

Đŕńńěŕňđčâŕĺňń˙ çŕäŕ÷ŕ ěîäĺëčđîâŕíč˙ ňĺ÷ĺíč˙ â˙çęîé ńđĺäű áĺç âíóňđĺííčő ńâ˙çĺé â îăđŕíč÷ĺííîé îáëŕńňč ďđč ăđŕíč÷íűő óńëîâč˙ő â ńęîđîńň˙ő č äŕâëĺíč˙ő. Ęđŕĺâŕ˙ çŕäŕ÷ŕ ôîđěóëčđóĺňń˙ â âŕđčŕöčîííîě âčäĺ č ÷čńëĺííî đĺřŕĺňń˙ ěĺňîäîě ęîíĺ÷íűő ýëĺěĺíňîâ.

Ďđîâĺäĺíî ńđŕâíĺíčĺ ń ďîëó÷ĺííűě ŕíŕëčňč÷ĺńęčě đĺřĺíčĺě çŕäŕ÷č.

Ęëţ÷ĺâűĺ ńëîâŕ: â˙çęŕ˙ ńćčěŕĺěŕ˙ ćčäęîńňü, ďîëĺ ńęîđîńňĺé, ěĺňîä ěŕëîăî ďŕđŕěĺňđŕ, ńîáńňâĺííűĺ ôóíęöčč, ěĺňîä ęîíĺ÷íűő ýëĺěĺíňîâ.

 đŕáîňŕő [1, 2] íŕ îńíîâĺ đĺřĺíč˙ ńîďđ˙ćĺííűő çŕäŕ÷ ăčäđîäčíŕěčęč č óďđóăîăî äĺôîđěčđîâŕíč˙ îáîëî÷ęč čńńëĺäîâŕíű íĺęîňîđűĺ âîďđîńű, ńâ˙çŕííűĺ ń đŕńďđîńňđŕíĺíčĺě áĺăóůčő âîëí ďî ďîâĺđőíîńňč ňĺëŕ âđŕůĺíč˙. Ŕíŕëîăč÷íűĺ çŕäŕ÷č âîçíčęŕţň č ďđč čçó÷ĺíčč âíóňđĺííčő ňĺ÷ĺíčé, íŕďđčěĺđ, â ňđóáîďđîâîäŕő.  [1, 2] ÷čńëĺííîĺ číňĺăđčđîâŕíčĺ óđŕâíĺíč˙ äâčćĺíč˙ óďđóăîé îáîëî÷ęč č óđŕâíĺíčé Íŕâüĺ-Ńňîęńŕ îńóůĺńňâë˙ëîńü ń ďîěîůüţ ŕëăîđčňěîâ îńíîâŕííűő íŕ đŕçíűő ďđčíöčďŕő: âŕđčŕöčîííîě č ęîíĺ÷íîđŕçíîńňíîě, ńîîňâĺňńňâĺííî. Ďîńňđîĺíčĺ ęîđđĺęňíîé ÷čńëĺííîé ńőĺěű äë˙ číňĺăđčđîâŕíč˙ óđŕâíĺíčé äâčćĺíč˙ ńďëîříîé ńđĺäű äî íŕńňî˙ůĺăî âđĺěĺíč ďđĺäńňŕâë˙ĺň ńîáîé ńëîćíóţ ďđîáëĺěó. Íŕđ˙äó ń čçâĺńňíűěč ńëîćíîńň˙ěč â ďîńňŕíîâęĺ ăđŕíč÷íűő óńëîâčé, ńëĺäóĺň îňěĺňčňü çŕâčńčěîńňü đĺřĺíč˙ îň đĺîëîăčč ńđĺäű, ÷ňî ňđĺáóĺň ŕíŕëčçŕ âëč˙íč˙ âűáîđŕ îďđĺäĺë˙ţůčő óđŕâíĺíčé íŕ ďîëó÷ŕĺěűĺ â đŕń÷¸ňĺ ďîë˙ ńęîđîńňĺé č äŕâëĺíčé.  íŕńňî˙ůĺé đŕáîňĺ đŕńńěŕňđčâŕĺňń˙ ńďëîříŕ˙ ńđĺäŕ áĺç ńâ˙çĺé, îďđĺäĺë˙ţůĺĺ óđŕâíĺíčĺ ęîňîđîé âęëţ÷ŕĺň ńëŕăŕĺěűĺ ńî ńäâčăîâîé č îáú¸ěíîé â˙çęîńňüţ:

Aulchenko S.M., Vasilyeva E.I., Kaledin V.O., đŕçěĺđíîńňü äŕâëĺíč˙, ij, ij – ňĺíçîđű íŕďđ˙ćĺíčé č ńęîđîńňĺé äĺôîđěŕöčč.

Óđŕâíĺíčĺ äâčćĺíč˙ [3] ďđčí˙ňî â âčäĺ:

ăäĺ bi – ďđîĺęöčč îáú¸ěíîé ńčëű, – ďëîňíîńňü ćčäęîńňč, – âĺęňîđ ńęîđîńňč.

Ďîäńňŕâčâ îďđĺäĺë˙ţůčĺ óđŕâíĺíč˙ (1) â óđŕâíĺíč˙ äâčćĺíč˙ ńďëîříîé ńđĺäű (2), ďîëó÷čě óđŕâíĺíčĺ äâčćĺíč˙, ďđčăîäíîĺ ňîëüęî äë˙ ÷ŕńňíîăî ęëŕńńŕ ńđĺä – â˙çęčő ńćčěŕĺěűő ćčäęîńňĺé:

Ďîëó÷ĺííŕ˙ ęđŕĺâŕ˙ çŕäŕ÷ŕ çŕěęíóňŕ č ěîćĺň áűňü ďĺđĺôîđěóëčđîâŕíŕ â âŕđčŕöčîííîě âčäĺ, ďîńęîëüęó âńĺ ńîńňŕâë˙ţůčĺ íŕďđ˙ćĺíčé ńîâĺđřŕţň đŕáîňó. Ýňî óäîáíî äë˙ äčńęđĺňčçŕöčč óđŕâíĺíčé. Ďđĺîáđŕçóĺě óđŕâíĺíčĺ (2), óěíîćčâ îáĺ ÷ŕńňč ńęŕë˙đíî íŕ âĺęňîđ :

Ďđîčíňĺăđčđóĺě (4) ďî îáú¸ěó îáëŕńňč:

Óđŕâíĺíčĺ (5) âűđŕćŕĺň áŕëŕíń ýíĺđăčč: ëĺâŕ˙ ÷ŕńňü đŕâíŕ ďđîčçâîäíîé ďîëíîé ěĺőŕíč÷ĺńęîé ýíĺđăčč ďî âđĺěĺíč, ŕ ďđŕâŕ˙ – ěîůíîńňč çŕäŕííűő ńčë íŕ ăđŕíčöĺ îáëŕńňč č ěîůíîńňč ďîë˙ äŕâëĺíčé âĺëč÷číű đ* íŕ äĺôîđěŕöčč čçěĺíĺíč˙ îáúĺěŕ.

Ďđĺäńňŕâčě čńęîěîĺ ďîëĺ ńęîđîńňĺé â âčäĺ ëčíĺéíîé ęîěáčíŕöčč áŕçčńíűő ôóíęöčé ń ęîýôôčöčĺíňŕěč, đŕâíűěč óçëîâűě ńęîđîńň˙ě, ÷ňî ďđčâîäčň (5) ę ĺăî äčńęđĺňíîěó ŕíŕëîăó:

= B – ěŕňđčöŕ-ńňîëáĺö ńęîđîńňĺé äĺôîđěŕöčé; N – ěŕňđčöŕ ôóíęöčé ôîđěű; – ěŕňđčöŕ-ńňîëáĺö óçëîâűő ńęîđîńňĺé; S = B DBd – ěŕňđčöŕ äĺěďôčđîâŕíč˙; B – ěŕňđčöŕ äĺôîđěŕöčé, ńîäĺđćŕůŕ˙ ÷ŕńňíűĺ ďđîčçâîäíűĺ ďî ďđîńňđŕíńňâĺííűě ęîîđäčíŕňŕě;

Q = N qd + B0 p * d – âĺęňîđ ýęâčâŕëĺíňíűő óçëîâűő ńčë, Â0 – ěŕňđčöŕ, ńâ˙çűâŕţůŕ˙ ńęîđîńňü îáúĺěíîé äĺôîđěŕöčč ń óçëîâűěč ńęîđîńň˙ěč; N, B, B0 – ňđŕíńďîíčđîâŕííűĺ ěŕňđčöű; D – ěŕňđčöŕ â˙çęîńňč, ęîňîđŕ˙ čěĺĺň ńëĺäóţůčé âčä:

 äŕííîé đŕáîňĺ, íŕń číňĺđĺńóĺň ńňŕöčîíŕđíűé ńëó÷ŕé. Ĺńëč â ńčńňĺěĺ óđŕâíĺíčé (6) ďîëîćčňü =0, ňî čěĺĺě íĺëčíĺéíóţ ńčńňĺěó óđŕâíĺíčé:

Öĺëüţ ăčäđîäčíŕěč÷ĺńęîăî đŕń÷¸ňŕ ˙âë˙ĺňń˙ íŕőîćäĺíčĺ ďîëĺé ńęîđîńňĺé.

Ďëîňíîńňü č â˙çęîńňü, âőîä˙ůčĺ â óđŕâíĺíč˙, ń÷čňŕţňń˙ čçâĺńňíűěč.

Ŕëăîđčňě đŕń÷¸ňŕ óçëîâűő çíŕ÷ĺíčé ńęîđîńňĺé ńîńňîčň â đĺřĺíčč äčńęđĺňíűő óđŕâíĺíčé (6) č (7). Ěŕňđčöŕ äĺěďôčđîâŕíč˙ č ěŕňđčöŕ ěŕńń íĺ ďĺđĺń÷čňűâŕţňń˙ ďđč çŕäŕííîě řŕăĺ ďî âđĺěĺíč. Ěŕňđčöŕ ęîíâĺęňčâíűő ěŕńń čçěĺí˙ĺňń˙ ďîńëĺ ęŕćäîăî čçěĺíĺíč˙ âĺęňîđŕ ńęîđîńňĺé. Đŕçđŕáîňŕííűé ŕëăîđčňě đŕń÷¸ňŕ ďîë˙ ńęîđîńňĺé â˙çęîé ńćčěŕĺěîé ćčäęîńňč đĺŕëčçîâŕí â ńîńňŕâĺ ďđîăđŕěěíîăî ęîěďëĺęńŕ ŤĘîěďîçčň-ÍĘť [4].

Äë˙ ďđîâĺđęč ňî÷íîńňč ÷čńëĺííîé ńőĺěű ńîďîńňŕâčě đĺçóëüňŕňű ń ŕíŕëčňč÷ĺńęčě đĺřĺíčĺě ěîäĺëüíîăî ďđčěĺđŕ. Đŕńńěîňđčě ÷ŕńňíűé ńëó÷ŕé đĺîëîăč÷ĺńęîăî óđŕâíĺíč˙ (3).

čçáŕâčňüń˙ îň ńěĺřŕííűő ďđîčçâîäíűő â óđŕâíĺíč˙ő (3). Ňŕęčě îáđŕçîě, îńňŕ¸ňń˙ ëčřü đĺřčňü ńëĺäóţůĺĺ óđŕâíĺíčĺ:

đŕńńěîňđčě ďëîńęîĺ ňĺ÷ĺíčĺ â˙çęîé ńćčěŕĺěîé ćčäęîńňč, ň.ĺ. y = 0. Äâčćĺíčĺ ćčäęîńňč óńňŕíîâčâřĺĺń˙, ńëĺäîâŕňĺëüíî, âńĺ ďđîčçâîäíűĺ ďî âđĺěĺíč đŕâíű íóëţ.

Đčńóíîę 1 – Îáëŕńňü îďđĺäĺëĺíč˙ çŕäŕ÷č Îáĺçđŕçěĺđčě óđŕâíĺíčĺ (8), ââĺä˙ áĺçđŕçěĺđíűĺ ęîîđäčíŕňű, ńëĺäóţůčě îáđŕçîě:

Óđŕâíĺíčĺ (8) ďđčíčěŕĺň ńëĺäóţůčé âčä:

Đĺřĺíčĺ óđŕâíĺíč˙ (11) ěîćĺň áűňü íŕéäĺíî ďđč ďîěîůč đŕçëîćĺíč˙ ôóíęöčč ő â đ˙ä ďî ńňĺďĺí˙ě ěŕëîăî ďŕđŕěĺňđŕ :

Ďîäńňŕâë˙ĺě (12) â (11) č, ďîńëĺ ăđóďďčđîâęč ÷ëĺíîâ ń îäčíŕęîâűěč ńňĺďĺí˙ěč, ďîëó÷ŕĺě óđŕâíĺíčĺ âčäŕ:

ďîńëĺäîâŕňĺëüíîńňü ëčíĺéíűő ęđŕĺâűő çŕäŕ÷:

Ăđŕíč÷íűĺ óńëîâč˙ ˙âë˙ţňń˙ äîńňŕňî÷íî ďđîńňűěč, ŕ čěĺííî: x đŕâí˙ĺňń˙ íóëţ ďđč x = 0, ó = 0, ó = č ďđčíčěŕĺň ďđîčçâîëüíűĺ çíŕ÷ĺíč˙ íŕ âűőîäĺ čç ęŕíŕëŕ. Đĺřĺíčĺ ďĺđâîăî óđŕâíĺíč˙ čç (13) â äâóěĺđíîě ńëó÷ŕĺ, óäîâëĺňâîđ˙ţůĺĺ íóëĺâűě ăđŕíč÷íűě óńëîâč˙ě íŕ ňđ¸ő ńňîđîíŕő, ěîćíî ďđĺäńňŕâčňü ďđč ďîěîůč đ˙äŕ [5]:

Ďîäńňŕâčâ ďîëó÷ĺííîĺ íóëĺâîĺ ďđčáëčćĺíčĺ (14) âî âňîđîĺ óđŕâíĺíčĺ ńčńňĺěű (13) čěĺĺě:

ďđĺäďîëîćčâ, ÷ňî A čçâĺńňíî. Ňîăäŕ óđŕâíĺíčĺ ďđčěĺň ńëĺäóţůčé âčä:

Čěĺţňń˙ äâŕ ďóňč đĺřĺíč˙ óđŕâíĺíč˙ (15). Îäčí čç íčő ńîńňîčň â đŕçëîćĺíčč ôóíęöčč â äâîéíîé đ˙ä Ôóđüĺ:

Ýňîň âŕđčŕíň äîńňŕňî÷íî ďđîńňîé ŕíŕëčňč÷ĺńęč, íî ń âű÷čńëčňĺëüíîé ňî÷ęč çđĺíč˙ äîńňŕňî÷íî ńëîćíűé. Äđóăîé ńďîńîá ńîńňîčň â ďđĺäńňŕâëĺíčč đĺřĺíč˙ â âčäĺ đ˙äŕ:

- ôóíęöč˙ Ăđčíŕ äë˙ íĺîäíîđîäíîăî óđŕâíĺíč˙.

Ďîäńňŕâë˙˙ (18) â (17) č ďđîčíňĺăđčđîâŕâ, ďîëó÷čě ÷ŕńňíîĺ đĺřĺíčĺ óđŕâíĺíč˙ (15) ďđč m = 1 :

Ďîëó÷ĺííűĺ ďđčáëčćĺíč˙ (14) č (19) ďîäńňŕâčě â đ˙ä (12). Ńëŕăŕĺěűěč, ńîäĺđćŕůčěč âűńřčĺ ńňĺďĺíč ěŕëîăî ďŕđŕěĺňđŕ ďđĺíĺáđĺćĺě. Ňŕęčě îáđŕçîě, ÷ŕńňíîĺ đĺřĺíčĺ óđŕâíĺíč˙ (11) ďđčěĺň ńëĺäóţůčé âčä:

×čńëĺííîĺ đĺřĺíčĺ çŕäŕ÷č (7) ďîëó÷ĺíî ń čńďîëüçîâŕíčĺě ěĺňîäŕ ęîíĺ÷íűő ýëĺěĺíňîâ [6]. Čńőîäíŕ˙ îáëŕńňü áűëŕ đŕçáčňŕ íŕ ňđĺóăîëüíčęč ń ëčíĺéíîé číňĺđďîë˙öčĺé ńęîđîńňĺé.  ęŕ÷ĺńňâĺ ăđŕíč÷íűő óńëîâčé íŕ âĺđőíĺé, ëĺâîé č íčćíĺé ăđŕíčöŕő ęŕíŕëŕ ďđčěĺě ňĺ ćĺ óńëîâč˙ ďđčëčďŕíč˙, ÷ňî č â ŕíŕëčňč÷ĺńęîě đĺřĺíčč.

Íŕ âűőîäĺ čç ęŕíŕëŕ çŕäŕäčě íîđěŕëüíűĺ č ęŕńŕňĺëüíűĺ íŕďđ˙ćĺíč˙, ęîňîđűĺ îďđĺäĺëčě čç đĺîëîăč÷ĺńęîăî óđŕâíĺíč˙ (3) ďîäńňŕíîâęîé â íĺăî ŕíŕëčňč÷ĺńęč íŕéäĺííîăî ďîë˙ ńęîđîńňĺé.

Đĺçóëüňŕňű ńîďîńňŕâëĺíč˙ ŕíŕëčňč÷ĺńęîăî č ÷čńëĺííîăî đĺřĺíčé ďđčâĺäĺíű íŕ đčń.2.

Đčńóíîę 2 – Đŕńďđĺäĺëĺíčĺ ńęîđîńňč ďî řčđčíĺ ęŕíŕëŕ. Ŕíŕëčňč÷ĺńęîĺ č Ńőîäčěîńňü ę ńňŕöčîíŕđíîěó đĺřĺíčţ äîńňčăŕĺňń˙ çŕ 3 čňĺđŕöčč ďđč çŕäŕííîé äîďóńňčěîé ďîăđĺříîńňč 0,0001%. Îňęëîíĺíčĺ ÷čńëĺííîăî đĺřĺíč˙ îň ŕíŕëčňč÷ĺńęîăî ńîńňŕâë˙ĺň 2%.

Ňŕęčě îáđŕçîě, ÷čńëĺííŕ˙ ńőĺěŕ íŕ đŕńńěîňđĺííîě ěîäĺëüíîě ďđčěĺđĺ äŕĺň đĺçóëüňŕňű, őîđîřî ńîăëŕńóţůčĺń˙ ń ŕíŕëčňč÷ĺńęčě đĺřĺíčĺě ďîńňŕâëĺííîé ęđŕĺâîé çŕäŕ÷č î ňĺ÷ĺíčč â˙çęîé ńďëîříîé ńđĺäű.

[1] Ŕóëü÷ĺíęî Ń.Ě., Ęŕëĺäčí Â.Î., Ŕíčęčíŕ Ţ.Â. Ěîäĺëčđîâŕíčĺ ěĺőŕíčçěŕ ńíčćĺíč˙ ńîďđîňčâëĺíč˙ îáîëî÷ĺę ňĺë âđŕůĺíč˙, îáňĺęŕĺěűő â˙çęîé ćčäęîńňüţ // Ďčńüěŕ â ĆŇÔ. 2007. Ň. 33, âűď. 17. Ń. 83-88.

[2] Ŕóëü÷ĺíęî Ń.Ě., Ęŕëĺäčí Â.Î., Řďŕęîâŕ Ţ.Â. Âűíóćäĺííűĺ ęîëĺáŕíč˙ îáîëî÷ĺę ňĺë âđŕůĺíč˙, îáňĺęŕĺěűő â˙çęîé ćčäęîńňüţ // Ďčńüěŕ â ĆŇÔ. 2009. Ň. 35, âűď. 3. Ń. 33-39.

[3] Ěĺéç Äć. Ňĺîđč˙ č çŕäŕ÷č ěĺőŕíčęč ńďëîříűő ńđĺä. Ě.: ËĘČ, 2007. 320 ń.

[4] Áóđíűřĺâŕ Ň.Â., Ęŕëĺäčí Â.Î., Đŕâęîâńęŕ˙ Č.Â., Ýďňĺřĺâŕ Ń.Â. Đŕçâčňčĺ ďŕęĺňŕ ďđîăđŕěě ěŕňĺěŕňč÷ĺńęîăî ěîäĺëčđîâŕíč˙ ńîďđ˙ćĺííűő çŕäŕ÷ ěĺőŕíčęč íĺîäíîđîäíűő ęîíńňđóęöčé // Âĺńňíčę ĘĺěĂÓ. 2010. š1 (41) Ń. 3-8.

[5] Ěîđń Ô.Ě., Ôĺřáŕő Ă.. Ěĺňîäű ňĺîđĺňč÷ĺńęîé ôčçčęč. Ě.: Ěčđ, 1960. 886 ń.

[6] Ńĺăĺđëčíä Ë. Ďđčěĺíĺíčĺ ěĺňîäŕ ęîíĺ÷íűő ýëĺěĺíňîâ. Ě.: Ěčđ, 1979. 392 ń.

CHEMICAL SCIENCES

NEW METHOD OF RECEIVING THREE-INDIUM MONOSULPHIDE

Institute of Natural Resources of Naxvan Branch of National Academy of Sciences of

Abstract

New method of receiving three-indium monosulphide based to sedimentation In + thioacetamid in the water environment is developed. It is found out that In + ions at temperature 353-373 K and at an interval đÍ 1-4 are quantitatively sedimented by thioacetamid. With the help of chemical analysis the structure of deposit answering to a formula of In2S3 is established. With the help of method of spectral analysis adds in deposit are defined.

Keywords: indium chloride (III), thioacetamid, sedimentation, three-indium monosulphide, đÍ environment, chemical analysis, spectral analysis.

Đŕçđŕáîňŕí íîâűé ěĺňîä ďîëó÷ĺíč˙ ňđĺőńĺđíčńňîăî číäč˙ îńíîâŕííîăî ę îńŕćäĺíčţ In ňčîŕńĺňŕěčäîě â âîäíîé ńđĺäĺ. Âű˙ńíĺíî, ÷ňî In čîíű ďđč ňĺěďĺđŕňóđĺ 353 – 373 Ę č ďđč číňĺđâŕëĺ đÍ 1 – 4 ęîëč÷ĺńňâĺííî îńŕćäŕţňń˙ ňčîŕńĺňŕěčäîě. Őčěč÷ĺńęčě ŕíŕëčçîě óńňŕíîâëĺí ńîńňŕâ îńŕäęŕ, îňâĺ÷ŕţůčé ôîđěóëĺ In2S3. Ěĺňîäîě ńďĺęňđŕëüíîăî ŕíŕëčçŕ îďđĺäĺëĺíű ďđčěĺńč â îńŕäęĺ.

Ęëţ÷ĺâűĺ ńëîâŕ: őëîđčńňűé číäčé(III), ňčîŕńĺňŕěčä, îńŕćäĺíčĺ, ňđĺőńĺđíčńňűé číäčé, đÍ ńđĺäű, őčěč÷ĺńęčé ŕíŕëčç, ńďĺęňđŕëüíűé ŕíŕëčç.

 íŕńňî˙ůĺĺ âđĺě˙ ńóëüôčä číäč˙(III) čńďîëüçóĺňń˙ â îďňîýëĺęňđîíčęĺ äë˙ ńîçäŕíč˙ ôîňî÷óâńňâčňĺëüíűő ăĺňĺđîńňđóęňóđ.  ňîě ÷čńëĺ îí ďđčěĺí˙ĺňń˙ â ŕëüňĺđíŕňčâĺ ę ńóëüôčäó ęŕäěč˙ ęŕę ýęîëîăč÷ĺńęč áĺçîďŕńíűĺ ńîëíĺ÷íűĺ áŕňŕđĺč č â ňîíęîńëîčńňűő ôîňîýëĺěĺíňŕő.

Čçâĺńňíű đ˙ä ěĺňîäîâ ďîëó÷ĺíč˙ In2S3. Čç íčő áîëĺĺ đŕńďđîńňđŕíĺííűĺ ńëĺäóţůčĺ:

1) In2Î3 ńíŕ÷ŕëŕ îáđŕáŕňűâŕĺňń˙ ďîä ńňđóĺé ńĺđîâîäîđîäŕ ďđč 773 Ę ňĺěďĺđŕňóđĺ â ňĺ÷ĺíčĺ 5 ÷ŕńîâ, çŕňĺě, ďîâűřŕ˙ ňĺěďĺđŕňóđó äî 973 Ę, íŕăđĺâŕĺňń˙ 8 ÷ŕńîâ; 2) čç đŕńňâîđîâ ńîëĺé číäč˙(III) ďđč íĺéňđŕëüíîé čëč ńëŕáîęčńëîé (ďî óęńóńíîé ęčńëîňĺ) ńđĺäĺ îńŕćäĺíčĺě ńĺđîâîäîđîäîě; 3) ńďëŕâëĺíčĺ ńěĺńč číäč˙ č ńĺđű â ŕěďóëĺ ďđč ňĺěďĺđŕňóđĺ âűřĺ 800 Ę.

 ďĺđâîě č âňîđîě ěĺňîäĺ čńďîëüçóţňń˙ îňđŕâë˙ţůčé îęđóćŕţůóţ ńđĺäó ńĺđîâîäîđîä, ŕ ňđĺňüĺě ěĺňîäĺ ňđĺáóĺňń˙ âűńîęŕ˙ ňĺěďĺđŕňóđŕ. Ďî ýňîěó čçűńęŕíčĺ íîâűő ýęîëîăč÷ĺńęč íĺâđĺäíűő č ňĺőíîëîăč÷ĺńęč ďđîńňűő ěĺňîäîâ ďîëó÷ĺíč˙ In2S3 č ńĺăîäí˙ ˙âë˙ĺňń˙ ŕęňóŕëüíűě âîďđîńîě.

Đŕçáîđ ëčňĺđŕňóđíîăî ěŕňĺđčŕëŕ ďîęŕçŕë, ÷ňî čńńëĺäîâŕíčĺ óńëîâčé îńŕćäĺíč˙ číäč˙ ňčîŕńĺňŕěčäîě íĺ âńňđĺ÷ŕĺňń˙. Ďîýňîěó íŕěč ďđîâĺäĺíî čńńëĺäîâŕíčĺ ďî âçŕčěîäĺéńňâčţ ěĺćäó őëîđčäîě číäč˙(III) ń ňčîŕńĺňŕěčäîě.

Rzaev B.Z., Mamedkhanova A.B., Ýęńďĺđčěĺíňŕëüíŕ˙ ÷ŕńňü Ňčîŕńĺňŕěčä ŃÍ3Ń(S)NH2 áĺëîĺ ęđčńňŕëëč÷ĺńęîĺ âĺůĺńňâî, őîđîřî đŕńňâîđ˙ĺňń˙ â âîäĺ. Ýęńďĺđčěĺíňîě áűëî âű˙ńíĺíî, ÷ňî ňčîŕńĺňŕěčä ďđč číňĺđâŕëĺ đÍ 1 – 12,5 äî ęčď˙÷ĺíč˙ đŕńňâîđŕ íĺ đŕçëŕăŕĺňń˙ č íĺ ďîäâĺđăŕĺňń˙ íčęŕęîěó čçěĺíĺíčţ, äŕćĺ íĺ ďî˙âë˙ĺňń˙ ěóňü â đŕńňâîđĺ. đÍ đŕńňâîđŕ ňčîŕńĺňŕěčäŕ â çŕâčńčěîńňč îň âç˙ňîăî ęîëč÷ĺńňâŕ čçěĺí˙ĺňń˙ îň 4,6 äî 5,8.

Čç 0,1 Ě đŕńňâîđŕ őëîđčäŕ číäč˙(III) îňáčđŕţňń˙ đŕçíűĺ îáúĺěű č îńŕćäŕĺňń˙ číäčé 0,1 Ě đŕńňâîđîě ňčîŕńĺňŕěčäŕ (ňŕáëčöŕ 1).

Čç äŕííűő ňŕáëčöű íŕăë˙äíî âčäíî, ÷ňî, íŕ÷číŕ˙ îň 5,7 ěă äî 1,72 ă, číäčé ěîćíî ęîëč÷ĺńňâĺííî îńŕćäŕňü â âčäĺ In2S3.

 ńëĺäóţůčő ńĺđč˙ő îďűňîâ óňî÷íĺíî âëč˙íčĺ đÍ ńđĺäű íŕ ďîëíîňó îńŕćäĺíč˙ In2S ňčîŕńĺňŕěčäîě (ňŕáëčöŕ 2).

Čç äŕííűő ňŕáëčöű âčäíî, ÷ňî In2S3 ďđč đÍ 1 – 4 číňĺđâŕëĺ ęîëč÷ĺńňâĺííî îńŕćäŕĺňń˙ čç đŕńňâîđŕ. Íčćĺ đÍ 1 âűäĺëĺííűé îńŕäîę ÷ŕńňč÷íî đŕńňâîđ˙ĺňń˙, ŕ ďđč đÍ > InŃl3 íŕ÷číŕĺňń˙ ăčäđîëčçîâŕňüń˙ č ďîëó÷ŕţňń˙ îńíîâíűĺ íĺđŕńňâîđčěűĺ ńîëč, ńěĺřčâŕ˙ńü ń îńŕäęîě, đĺçóëüňŕňű ďîëó÷ŕţňń˙ çŕâűřĺííűěč. Ďîýňîěó ďđč îńŕćäĺíčč číäč˙ íĺîáőîäčěî ńîáëţäŕňü đÍ đŕńňâîđŕ. Ńęŕçŕííîĺ ňŕęćĺ íŕăë˙äíî âčäíî čç ăđŕôčęŕ (đčń.) Đčń. Çŕâčńčěîńňü ďîëíîňű îńŕćäĺíč˙ In2S3 îň đÍ ńđĺäű ňčîŕńĺňŕěčäîě ěîćíî íŕďčńŕňü â íčćĺńëĺäóţůĺě âčäĺ:

2InCl3 + 3CH3C(S)NH2 + 3H2O = In2S3 + 3 CH3CONH2 + 6HCl Âű˙ńíĺíî, ÷ňî ňčîŕńĺňŕěčäîě îńŕćäĺííűé ďđč îďňčěŕëüíűő óńëîâč˙ő (ňĺěďĺđŕňóđŕ 353 – 368 Ę, đÍ = 1 – 4) In2S3 â ňĺ÷ĺíčĺ 10 – 15 ěčí. âűäĺë˙ĺňń˙ čç đŕńňâîđŕ. Îďđĺäĺëĺíŕ đŕńňâîđčěîńňü č âű÷čńëĺíî ďđîčçâĺäĺíčĺ đŕńňâîđčěîńňč In2S3 – 1,12ˇ10. Ďëîňíîńňü In2S ńîńňŕâë˙ĺň 4,7 ă/ńě.

Őčěč÷ĺńęčé ŕíŕëčç ńîńňŕâŕ îńŕäęŕ. Âűńóřĺííűé ňđč ňĺěďĺđŕňóđĺ 378 – 383 Ę äî ďîńňî˙ííîé ěŕńńű 0,4214 ă îńŕäîę đŕçëŕăŕĺňń˙ ęîíöĺíňđčđîâŕííîé ŕçîňíîé ęčńëîňîé. Ďđč ýňîě îńŕäîę đŕçëŕăŕĺňń˙ č číäčé â âčäĺ íčňđŕňŕ ďĺđĺőîäčň â đŕńňâîđ. Ńóëüôčäíűĺ čîíű îęčńë˙ţňń˙ äî ńóëüôŕň čîíîâ. Ĺńëč â đŕńňâîđĺ îńňŕíĺňń˙ íĺîęčńëĺííŕ˙ ÷ŕńňü ńĺđű, ňî îďĺđŕöč˙ îáđŕáîňęč ŕçîňíîé ęčńëîňîé ďîâňîđ˙ĺňń˙. Çŕňĺě đŕńňâîđ âűďŕđčâŕĺňń˙ äî 10 ěë îáúĺěŕ, ďĺđĺâîäčňń˙ â ěĺđíóţ ęîëáó 500 ěë č äîâîäčňń˙ äî ěĺňęč äčńňčëëčđîâŕííîé âîäîé.

Čç đŕńňâîđŕ, îňáčđŕ˙ ďî 50 ěë, číäčé îńŕćäŕĺňń˙ ŕěěčŕęîě â âčäĺ ăčäđîîęčńč. Îńŕäîę ôčëüňđóĺňń˙ ÷ĺđĺç ďëîňíűé ôčëüňđ, ďđîěűâŕĺňń˙ äčńňčëëčđîâŕííîé âîäîé, âűńóřčâŕĺňń˙ â ňĺđěîńňŕňĺ č ďđîęŕëčâŕĺňń˙ â ěóôĺëüíîé ďĺ÷č ďđč ňĺěďĺđŕňóđĺ 673 Ę, âçâĺřčâŕĺňń˙ â âčäĺ In2O3. Ôčëüňđŕň îň îńŕäęŕ ďîäęčńë˙ĺňń˙ ńîë˙íîé ęčńëîňîé č ńóëüôŕň čîíîâ îńŕćäŕĺňń˙ őëîđčäîě áŕđč˙ â âčäĺ BaSO4. Îńŕäîę ôčëüňđóĺňń˙, ďđîěűâŕĺňń˙ äčńňčëëčđîâŕííîé âîäîé, äîâîäčňń˙ äî ďîńňî˙ííîé ěŕńńĺ ďđč ~ 573 Ę, âçâĺřčâŕĺňń˙. Ďî ěŕńńó ďîëó÷ĺííűő îńŕäęîâ âű÷čńë˙ĺňń˙ ńîäĺđćŕíčĺ číäč˙ č ńĺđű â ńîńňŕâĺ îńŕäęŕ ňđĺőńĺđíčńňîăî číäč˙ (ňŕáëčöŕ 3).

Őčěč÷ĺńęčé ŕíŕëčç îńŕäęŕ ňđĺőńĺđíčńňîăî číäč˙ 0, Íŕéäĺííűĺ đĺçóëüňŕňű ďîęŕçűâŕţň, ÷ňî ńîńňŕâ îńŕäęŕ îňâĺ÷ŕĺň ôîđěóëĺ – In2S3.

Ďđîâĺäĺí ńďĺęňđŕëüíűé ŕíŕëčç îńŕäęŕ íŕ ďđčáîđĺ ČŃĎ-30 (ňŕáëčöŕ 4).

Ďđčěĺ÷ŕíčĺ: íĺň – ďîęŕçűâŕĺň íčćĺ ÷óâńňâčňĺëüíîńňč ďđčáîđŕ Îńíîâűâŕ˙ńü íŕ đĺçóëüňŕňű ńďĺęňđŕëüíîăî ŕíŕëčçŕ, ěîćíî çŕęëţ÷čňü, ÷ňî ďîëó÷ĺííűé íîâűě ěĺňîäîě ňđĺőńĺđíčńňűé číäčé ďî ÷čńňîňĺ îňâĺ÷ŕĺň ňđĺáîâŕíč˙ě, ďđĺäú˙âë˙ĺěűě ę âűńîęî÷čńňűě âĺůĺńňâŕě. Ďîýňîěó ĺăî ěîćíî čńďîëüçîâŕňü ęŕę ěŕňĺđčŕë ďđč ďîëóďđîâîäíčęîâîé ňĺőíčęĺ.

SORPTION AND FLUORIMETRIC DEFINITION OF IONS ŃU (II)

Abstract

Not covalent immobilization 4,5-diphenyl-2 (2-hydroxyphenyl) imidazole ((Im) on surface of the inorganic carrier ŤSilochrome C-60ť is investigated. It is established that ions of copper (II) form with Im the steady complex possessing property of fluorescence in solution and on a surface of a sorbent. Intensity of fluorescence depends on concentration of copper (II) in a wide range of concentration.

Keywords: sorption, 4,5-diphenyl-2 (2-hydroxyphenyl) imidazole, not covalent immobilization, copper (II), fluorescence.

Čńńëĺäîâŕíŕ íĺęîâŕëĺíňíŕ˙ čěěîáčëčçŕöč˙ 4,5-äčôĺíčë-2 (2-ăčäđîęńčôĺíčë) čěčäŕçîëŕ ((Im) íŕ ďîâĺđőíîńňč íĺîđăŕíč÷ĺńęîăî íîńčňĺë˙ ŤŃčëîőđîě Ń-60ť. Óńňŕíîâëĺíî, ÷ňî čîíű ěĺäč (II) îáđŕçóţň ń Im óńňîé÷čâűé ęîěďëĺęń, îáëŕäŕţůčé ńâîéńňâîě ôëóîđĺńöĺíöčč â đŕńňâîđĺ č íŕ ďîâĺđőíîńňč ńîđáĺíňŕ. Číňĺíńčâíîńňü ôëóîđĺńöĺíöčč çŕâčńčň îň ęîíöĺíňđŕöčč ěĺäč (II) â řčđîęîě äčŕďŕçîíĺ ęîíöĺíňđŕöčé.

Ęëţ÷ĺâűĺ ńëîâŕ: ńîđáöč˙, 4,5-äčôĺíčë-2 (2-ăčäđîęńčôĺíčë) čěčäŕçîë, íĺęîâŕëĺíňíŕ˙ čěěîáčëčçŕöč˙, ěĺäü (II), ôëóîđĺńöĺíöč˙.

Vovod Yu.V., Uskova E.N., Okina E.V., Ďîčńę ďđîńňűő ďîäőîäîâ ę ďîëó÷ĺíčţ íîâűő ńîđáĺíňîâ ęŕę äë˙ ńîđáöčîííîăî ęîíöĺíňđčđîâŕíč˙, ňŕę č äë˙ đŕçäĺëĺíč˙, ďî-ďđĺćíĺěó îńňŕĺňń˙ ŕęňóŕëüíîé çŕäŕ÷ĺé, ďđč÷ĺě đŕçâčňčĺ ěĺňîäîâ ęîíöĺíňđčđîâŕíč˙ č đŕçäĺëĺíč˙, ńîçäŕíčĺ íîâűő ÷óâńňâčňĺëüíűő č ńĺëĺęňčâíűő ěĺňîäîâ îďđĺäĺëĺíč˙ íĺîđăŕíč÷ĺńęčő č îđăŕíč÷ĺńęčő ńîĺäčíĺíčé ňĺńíî ńâ˙çŕíî ń čńďîëüçîâŕíčĺě čěěîáčëčçîâŕííűő ŕíŕëčňč÷ĺńęčő đĺŕăĺíňîâ. Čěĺííî ďđčěĺíĺíčĺ ńîđáöčč íŕ čîíîîáěĺííűő č ęîěďëĺęńîîáđŕçóţůčő ńîđáĺíňŕő äë˙ äŕííűő öĺëĺé ďđĺäńňŕâë˙ĺňń˙ íŕčáîëĺĺ ýôôĺęňčâíűě, ďîýňîěó, ďîčńę íîâűő ńĺëĺęňčâíűő č ýęîíîěč÷ĺńęč âűăîäíűő ńîđáĺíňîâ äë˙ ŕíŕëčňč÷ĺńęčő öĺëĺé ˙âë˙ĺňń˙ íŕ ńĺăîäí˙říčé äĺíü ŕęňóŕëüíîé ďđîáëĺěîé.

Íŕ îńíîâŕíčč ýňîăî â íŕńňî˙ůĺé đŕáîňĺ ńňŕâčëŕńü çŕäŕ÷ŕ ďîëó÷ĺíč˙ íîâîăî ńîđáöčîííîăî ěŕňĺđčŕëŕ, ńî÷ĺňŕţůĺăî â ńĺáĺ ďîâűřĺííóţ ńîđáöčîííóţ ĺěęîńňü č ńĺëĺęňčâíîńňü ďî ńđŕâíĺíčţ ń čńőîäíűě íĺîđăŕíč÷ĺńęčě ńîđáĺíňîě. Âűáîđ â ęŕ÷ĺńňâĺ îńíîâű äë˙ čěěîáčëčçŕöčč îđăŕíč÷ĺńęîăî đĺŕăĺíňŕ ńčëîőđîěŕ Ń-60 îáóńëîâëĺí ĺăî őčěč÷ĺńęîé ńňîéęîńňüţ, ěĺőŕíč÷ĺńęîé ďđî÷íîńňüţ, ňĺđěîńňŕáčëüíîńňüţ č âűńîęîé ńęîđîńňüţ ěŕńńîáěĺíŕ.

 ęŕ÷ĺńňâĺ ďîâĺđőíîńňíîăî ěîäčôčęŕňîđŕ áűë âűáđŕí đĺŕăĺíň ęëŕńńŕ čěčäŕçîëîâ 4,5-äčôĺíčë-2(2-ăčäđîęńčôĺíčë)čěčäŕçîë (Im), ęîňîđűé áűë ńčíňĺçčđîâŕí íŕ ęŕôĺäđĺ îđăŕíč÷ĺńęîé őčěčč Číńňčňóňŕ ôčçčęč č őčěčč ĚĂÓ čě. Í.Ď. Îăŕđĺâŕ. Ĺăî ýëĺěĺíňíűé ńîńňŕâ č áđóňňî-ôîđěóëŕ ďîäňâĺđćäĺíű ń ďîěîůüţ CHNSO-ýëĺěĺíňíîăî ŕíŕëčçŕňîđŕ Vario Micro Cube (Elementar). Čńďîëüçîâŕíčĺ äŕííîăî đĺŕăĺíňŕ îáóńëîâëĺíî íŕëč÷čĺě íĺńęîëüęčő ôóíęöčîíŕëüíűő ăđóďď â ĺăî ńňđóęňóđĺ - NH č ÎÍ, ňŕę ęŕę, äë˙ ňîăî, ÷ňîáű îđăŕíč÷ĺńęčé đĺŕăĺíň ěîă ńëóćčňü ěîäčôčęŕňîđîě ďîâĺđőíîńňč ńîđáĺíňŕ-íîńčňĺë˙, ĺăî ńňđóęňóđŕ äîëćíŕ ńîäĺđćŕňü ęŕę ěčíčěóě äâĺ ôóíęöčîíŕëüíűĺ ăđóďďčđîâęč. Îäíŕ čç íčő ˙âë˙ĺňń˙ ˙ęîđíîé č îáĺńďĺ÷čâŕĺň çŕęđĺďëĺíčĺ ěîäčôčęŕňîđŕ íŕ ďîâĺđőíîńňč, äđóăŕ˙ îńňŕĺňń˙ ńâîáîäíîé č îáóńëŕâëčâŕĺň ńâîéńňâŕ ďîëó÷ĺííîăî ńîđáöčîííîăî ěŕňĺđčŕëŕ. Ń ýňîé ňî÷ęč çđĺíč˙ áűëî ďĺđńďĺęňčâíűě čńďîëüçîâŕňü äë˙ ěîäčôčęŕöčč ďîâĺđőíîńňč ńčëîőđîěŕ Ń- ďđĺäńňŕâëĺííűé ěíîăîôóíęöčîíŕëüíűé îđăŕíč÷ĺńęčé ŕíŕëčňč÷ĺńęčé đĺŕăĺíň. Îńíîâíîé ďđîáëĺěîé ďđč ĺăî čńďîëüçîâŕíčč ńňŕëî ďđŕęňč÷ĺńęîĺ îňńóňńňâčĺ äŕííűő ďî ĺăî ŕíŕëčňč÷ĺńęčě ńâîéńňâŕě, â ňîě ÷čńëĺ, î âîçěîćíîńňč îáđŕçîâŕíč˙ óńňîé÷čâűő ęîěďëĺęńîâ ń čńńëĺäóĺěűěč čîíŕěč â đŕńňâîđĺ. Ďîýňîěó ďĺđâűě ýňŕďîě čńńëĺäîâŕíč˙ ńňŕëî čçó÷ĺíčĺ ńďĺęňđîâ ďîăëîůĺíč˙ đĺŕăĺíňŕ â ÓÔ-îáëŕńňč ń öĺëüţ óńňŕíîâëĺíč˙ âîçěîćíîńňč îáđŕçîâŕíč˙ ęîîđäčíŕöčîííűő ńîĺäčíĺíčé ń čîíŕěč ěĺäč(II).

Íĺęîâŕëĺíňíŕ˙ čěěîáčëčçŕöč˙ Im íŕ ďîâĺđőíîńňč ńčëîőđîěŕ ďđîâîäčëŕńü ěĺňîäîě čěďđĺăíčđîâŕíč˙ ń ó÷ĺňîě ĺěęîńňč ďî ěîäčôčęŕňîđó 60 ěęěîëü/ă čç ńďčđňîâîăî đŕńňâîđŕ.

Óńňîé÷čâîĺ çŕęđĺďëĺíčĺ ěîäčôčęŕňîđŕ íŕ ďîâĺđőíîńňč íîńčňĺë˙ îáóńëŕâëčâŕĺňń˙ î÷ĺíü íčçęîé đŕńňâîđčěîńňüţ Im â âîäíűő đŕńňâîđŕő. Ńîđáĺíň âűńóřčâŕëń˙ ďđč ęîěíŕňíîé ňĺěďĺđŕňóđĺ äî ďîëíîăî óäŕëĺíč˙ đŕńňâîđčňĺë˙.

Íĺęîâŕëĺíňíŕ˙ čěěîáčëčçŕöč˙ đĺŕăĺíňîâ íŕ ďîâĺđőíîńňč ńîđáĺíňŕ áűëŕ ďîäňâĺđćäĺíŕ ěĺňîäîě đŕńňđîâîé ýëĺęňđîííîé ńďĺęňđîńęîďčč íŕ ěíîăîôóíęöčîíŕëüíîě đŕńňđîâîě ýëĺęňđîííîě ěčęđîńęîďĺ QUANTA 200i 3D č ęŕđňŕěč đŕńďđĺäĺëĺíč˙ â ňî÷ęĺ č ďî ďîâĺđőíîńňč, ďîëó÷ĺííűěč ďî äŕííűě ýíĺđăîäčńďĺđńíîăî đĺíňăĺíîńďĺęňđŕëüíîăî ŕíŕëčçŕ ďđč óâĺëč÷ĺíčč îň 100 äî 3000 đŕç. Ôîňîăđŕôč˙ îáđŕçöŕ ďđč 1600-ęđŕńňíîě óâĺëč÷ĺíčč ďđĺäńňŕâëĺíŕ íŕ đčńóíęĺ 1.

Đčń. 1. Čçîáđŕćĺíčĺ çĺđĺí ńčëîőđîěŕ Ń-60, ěîäčôčöčđîâŕííîăî Im, Čńńëĺäîâŕíčĺ ńîđáöčîííűő őŕđŕęňĺđčńňčę ďđčăîňîâëĺííîăî ňŕęčě îáđŕçîě ńîđáĺíňŕ ńňŕëî ńëĺäóţůčě ýňŕďîě íŕńňî˙ůĺé đŕáîňű.  đĺçóëüňŕňĺ ÷ĺăî áűëî óńňŕíîâëĺíî, ÷ňî ńîđáöčîííîĺ čçâëĺ÷ĺíčĺ čîíîâ ěĺäč(II) čç đŕńňâîđîâ ˙âë˙ĺňń˙ đÍ-çŕâčńčěűě ďđîöĺńńîě, îďňčěŕëüíîĺ çíŕ÷ĺíčĺ ęčńëîňíîńňč ńđĺäű äë˙ ęîëč÷ĺńňâĺííîăî čçâëĺ÷ĺíč˙ ńîńňŕâë˙ĺň 5,0 ęŕ÷ĺńňâĺ ńîđáĺíňŕ äë˙ čçâëĺ÷ĺíč˙ č ęîíöĺíňđčđîâŕíč˙ â ăčáđčäíűő ěĺňîäŕő ŕíŕëčçŕ âîçěîćíî ďđčěĺíĺíčĺ ěŕňĺđčŕëŕ, ďîëó÷ĺííîăî â íŕńňî˙ůĺě čńńëĺäîâŕíčč, ďîńęîëüęó îńîáĺííîńňüţ čçó÷ŕĺěîăî ěîäčôčęŕňîđŕ ˙âë˙ĺňń˙ ĺăî ôëóîđĺńöĺíöč˙ ďđč ęîěíŕňíîé ňĺěďĺđŕňóđĺ â đĺçóëüňŕňĺ âçŕčěîäĺéńňâč˙ ń ÓÔ-čçëó÷ĺíčĺě.

 íŕńňî˙ůĺé đŕáîňĺ áűëî óńňŕíîâëĺíî, ÷ňî ôëóîđĺńöĺíňíűĺ ńâîéńňâŕ Im ďđî˙âë˙ţňń˙ íĺ ňîëüęî â ýňŕíîëüíűő đŕńňâîđŕő, íî č ńîőđŕí˙ţňń˙ â ôŕçĺ ńîđáĺíňŕ, ďđč÷ĺě ôëóîđĺńöĺíňíűěč ńâîéńňâŕěč îáëŕäŕĺň ęŕę ńŕě đĺŕăĺíň, ňŕę č ĺăî ęîěďëĺęńű ń čçó÷ŕĺěűěč ěĺňŕëëŕěč.

Ęîěďëĺęńű ń čîíŕěč ěĺäč(II) čěĺţň řčđîęčĺ ěŕëîőŕđŕęňĺđíűĺ đŕçěűňűĺ ďîëîńű ôëóîđĺńöĺíöčč, ëčřĺííűĺ ÷ĺňęî âűđŕćĺííîé ęîëĺáŕňĺëüíîé ńňđóęňóđű, ÷ňî äîęŕçűâŕĺňń˙ ďîëó÷ĺííűěč â ôŕçĺ ńîđáĺíňŕ ńďĺęňđŕěč ôëóîđĺńöĺíöčč. Ńďĺęňđű ôëóîđĺńöĺíöčč ęîěďëĺęńîâ čîíîâ ěĺäč(II) ń Im ďđč đÍ 5,0 ďđĺäńňŕâëĺíű íŕ đčńóíęĺ 2.

Đčń.2. Ńďĺęňđű ôëóîđĺńöĺíöčč ęîěďëĺęńîâ ěĺäč ń Im ďđč đÍ 5,0: ń(Cu )=10 ěîëü/ë (1);

ń(Cu )=10 ěîëü/ë (2); ń(Cu )=10 ěîëü/ë (3); ń(Cu )=10 ěîëü/ë (4) Ăđŕäóčđîâî÷íűé ăđŕôčę ďđĺäńňŕâëĺí íŕ đčńóíęĺ 3.

Đčń. 3. Çŕâčńčěîńňü číňĺíńčâíîńňč ôëóîđĺńöĺíöčč îň ęîíöĺíňđŕöčč ěĺäč â ęîěďëĺęńĺ Ďđĺäëîćĺííŕ˙ íŕěč ěĺňîäčęŕ ńîđáöčîííî-ôëóîđčěĺňđč÷ĺńęîăî îďđĺäĺëĺíč˙ čîíîâ ěĺäč(II) ˙âë˙ĺňń˙ ďđîńňîé â ŕďďŕđŕňóđíîě đĺřĺíčč, ýęńďđĺńńíîé č äîńňŕňî÷íî íŕäĺćíîé ďđč îďđĺäĺëĺíčč ěčęđîęîëč÷ĺńňâ čńńëĺäîâŕííűő čîíîâ ěĺňŕëëîâ. Ňĺńňčđîâŕíčĺ ěĺňîäčęč ďî ńőĺěĺ "ââĺäĺíî-íŕéäĺíî" äë˙ ěîäĺëüíűő đŕńňâîđîâ čîíîâ đŕçëč÷íîé ęîíöĺíňđŕöčč ńâčäĺňĺëüńňâóĺň î íŕäĺćíîńňč ďîëó÷ŕĺěűő đĺçóëüňŕňîâ.

BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES

ARRANGEMENT OF MOTOR REPRESENTATIONS OF FACE AND SOMATIC

MUSCLES IN MOTOR CORTEX DJUNGARIAN HAMSTER (PHODOPUS

Abstract

In this research the results on contouring motor neocortex of Asian hamster are presented. By means of intra cortical microstimulation localization, the general borders and the areas of efferentny zones in the motor bark, responsible for work obverse and somatic muscles are revealed. It is possible to assume that cortical system of regulation of movements whiskers at this representative of rodents less specific, unlike rats close to an origin and mice. According to the analysis of individual cards it was revealed that the impellent representation whiskers and upper lip on the area in the left hemisphere more than in the right hemisphere, it is observed hemispheric asymmetry of an arrangement of these impellent representations that earlier it was revealed at white mice.

Keywords: motor neocortex, impellent representations, Asian hamster, hemispheric asymmetry.

 äŕííîě čńńëĺäîâŕíčč ďđĺäńňŕâëĺíű đĺçóëüňŕňű ďî ęŕđňčđîâŕíčţ ěîňîđíîăî íĺîęîđňĺęńŕ äćóíăŕđńęîăî őîě˙÷ęŕ. Ń ďîěîůüţ âíóňđčęîđęîâîé ěčęđîńňčěóë˙öčč âű˙âëĺíű ëîęŕëčçŕöč˙, îáůčĺ ăđŕíčöű č ďëîůŕäč ýôôĺđĺíňíűő çîí â ěîňîđíîé ęîđĺ, îňâĺňńňâĺííűő çŕ đŕáîňó ëčöĺâîé č ńîěŕňč÷ĺńęîé ěóńęóëŕňóđű. Ěîćíî ďđĺäďîëîćčňü, ÷ňî ęîđęîâŕ˙ ńčńňĺěŕ đĺăóë˙öčč äâčćĺíčé âčáđčńń ó äŕííîăî ďđĺäńňŕâčňĺë˙ ăđűçóíîâ ěĺíĺĺ ńďĺöčŕëčçčđîâŕíŕ, â îňëč÷čĺ îň áëčçęčő ďđîčńőîćäĺíčţ ęđűń č ěűřĺé. Ďî äŕííűě ŕíŕëčçŕ číäčâčäóŕëüíűő ęŕđň áűëî îáíŕđóćĺíî, ÷ňî äâčăŕňĺëüíîĺ ďđĺäńňŕâčňĺëüńňâî âčáđčńń č âĺđőíĺé ăóáű ďî ďëîůŕäč â ëĺâîě ďîëóřŕđčč áîëüřĺ, ÷ĺě â ďđŕâîě ďîëóřŕđčč, íŕáëţäŕĺňń˙ ěĺćďîëóřŕđíŕ˙ ŕńčěěĺňđč˙ đŕńďîëîćĺíč˙ ýňčő äâčăŕňĺëüíűő ďđĺäńňŕâčňĺëüńňâ, ÷ňî đŕíĺĺ áűëî îáíŕđóćĺíî ó áĺëűő ěűřĺé.

Ęëţ÷ĺâűĺ ńëîâŕ: ěîňîđíűé íĺîęîđňĺęń, äâčăŕňĺëüíűĺ ďđĺäńňŕâčňĺëüńňâŕ, äćóíăŕđńęčé őîě˙÷îę, ěĺćďîëóřŕđíŕ˙ ŕńčěěĺňđč˙.

Ďđîâĺäĺíű ýęńďĺđčěĺíňű íŕ íĺëčíĺéíűő âçđîńëűő äćóíăŕđńęčő őîě˙÷ęŕő îáîĺăî ďîëŕ ěŕńńîé 22-28 ă. Ńęŕëüďčđîâŕíčĺ ďđîčçâîäčëîńü ďîä îáůĺé č ěĺńňíîé ŕíĺńňĺçčĺé ňčîďĺíňŕëîě íŕňđč˙ 85-90 ěă/ęă âíóňđčáđţřčííî, 0,5% íîâîęŕčíîě 0,1-0,3 ěë ďîäęîćíî.

Ęđŕíčîňîěč˙ îńóůĺńňâë˙ëŕńü íŕä çîíîé ôđîíňŕëüíîé č ňĺěĺííîé îáëŕńňč íĺîęîđňĺęńŕ.

Ćčâîňíîĺ ćĺńňęî ôčęńčđîâŕëîńü ę ęđîířňĺéíŕě ńňĺđĺîňŕęńč÷ĺńęîăî ŕďďŕđŕňŕ. Äë˙ Hudyakova N.A., ěîíîďîë˙đíîé âíóňđčęîđęîâîé ńňčěóë˙öčč (ÂĘĚŃ) čńďîëüçîâŕëč ńňĺęë˙ííűĺ ěčęđîýëĺęňđîäű ńîďđîňčâëĺíčĺě îęîëî 1 ĚÎě, çŕďîëíĺííűĺ 1.5 Ě đŕńňâîđîě öčňđŕňŕ íŕňđč˙. Äčŕěĺňđ ęîí÷čęŕ ýëĺęňđîäŕ ńîńňŕâë˙ë 10 ěęě. Ěčęîđîýëĺęňđîäű ďîăđóćŕëč ń ďîěîůüţ ěĺőŕíč÷ĺńęîăî ěŕíčďóë˙ňîđŕ â ďđŕâîĺ čëč ëĺâîĺ ďîëóřŕđčĺ ń řŕăîě 0,5 ěě. Ń ó÷ĺňîě ňîëůčíű ęîđű ńňčěóë˙öčţ ďđîâîäčëč äî ăëóáčíű 2,0 ěě. Číäčôôĺđĺíňíűě ýëĺęňđîäîě ńëóćčëŕ ďîçîëî÷ĺííŕ˙ ďëŕńňčíęŕ, ęîňîđŕ˙ ęîíňŕęňčđîâŕëŕ ń ďîâĺđőíîńňüţ óříîé đŕęîâčíű ćčâîňíîăî. Äë˙ ÂĘĚŃ čńďîëüçîâŕëč ęîđîňęčĺ ńĺđčč čěďóëüńîâ äëčňĺëüíîńňüţ 0,3ń, ń ÷ŕńňîňîé 300-400 čěď/ń, ďî 7 čěďóëüńîâ â ďŕ÷ęĺ. Ďîđîăîâűĺ ňîęč âŕđüčđîâŕëč îň 5 äî 50 ěęŔ. Őŕđŕęňĺđ č ëîęŕëčçŕöčţ äâčăŕňĺëüíűő îňâĺňîâ (ÄÎ) îďđĺäĺë˙ëč ń ďîěîůüţ ďđ˙ěîăî âčçóŕëüíîăî ęîíňđîë˙. Áĺńęîíňŕęňíóţ đĺăčńňđŕöčţ ëŕňĺíňíűő ďĺđčîäîâ (ËĎ) ÄÎ ďđîčçâîäčëč ń ďîěîůüţ ôîňîäčîäŕ č ďîäęëţ÷ĺííîăî ę íĺěó ýëĺęňđč÷ĺńęîăî ňŕéěĺđŕ, ďđčíöčď đŕáîňű ęîňîđîăî îńíîâŕí íŕ ńčíőđîííîě çŕďóńęĺ îňń÷ĺňŕ âđĺěĺíč ńî ńňčěóë˙ňîđŕ č îńňŕíîâęĺ âđĺěĺíč îňń÷ĺňŕ ńäâčăîě âĺëč÷číű ýëĺęňđč÷ĺńęîăî ďîňĺíöčŕëŕ âűçűâŕĺěîăî ôîňîäčîäîě.

Đŕçđĺřŕţůŕ˙ ńďîńîáíîńňü ýëĺęňđîňŕéěĺđŕ - äî 10 ěęń. Ďî đĺçóëüňŕňŕě ęŕćäîăî îďűňŕ ńňđîčëŕńü číäčâčäóŕëüíŕ˙ ęŕđňŕ đŕńďîëîćĺíč˙ äâčăŕňĺëüíűő ďđĺäńňŕâčňĺëüńňâ (ÄĎ). Ďî äŕííîé ęŕđňĺ âűń÷čňűâŕëŕńü ďëîůŕäü ęŕćäîăî ÄĎ â ëĺâîě č ďđŕâîě ďîëóřŕđčč. Äŕëĺĺ ďî ęđčňĺđčţ çíŕęîâ (Z) óńňŕíŕâëčâŕëč äîńňîâĺđíîńňü ďđĺîáëŕäŕíč˙ ďî ďëîůŕäč â ęŕęîě-ëčáî ďîëóřŕđčč ÄĎ. Ďî đĺçóëüňŕňŕě 20 îďűňîâ áűëč ďîńňđîĺíű ňŕęćĺ ńóěěŕöčîííűĺ ęŕđňű äë˙ ęŕćäîăî ÄĎ ëčöĺâîé č ńîěŕňč÷ĺńęîé ěóńęóëŕňóđű.

Čç 20 čńńëĺäîâŕííűő ćčâîňíűő ó 14 ďîăđóćĺíč˙ ěčęđîýëĺęňđîäŕ ďđîčçâîäčëč â îáîčő ďîëóřŕđč˙ő, ó 2 - â ďđŕâîě č ó 4 - â ëĺâîě. Âńëĺäńňâčĺ îďĺđŕöčîííîăî íŕđęîçŕ â ďĺđâűé ÷ŕń íŕáëţäŕëčńü âűńîęčĺ ďîđîăč âűçîâŕ ÄÎ ńîěŕňč÷ĺńęčő č ëčöĺâűő ěűřö (îęîëî ěęŔ), ÷ňî ńâčäĺňĺëüńňâóĺň î íčçęîé âîçáóäčěîńňč öĺíňđŕëüíîé íĺđâíîé ńčńňĺěű. Ďîýňîěó îńíîâíűĺ íŕáëţäĺíč˙ ďđîčçâîäčëčńü ńďóńň˙ íĺęîňîđîĺ âđĺě˙ (÷ĺđĺç 1-1,5 ÷ŕńŕ) ďîńëĺ ââĺäĺíč˙ íŕđęîçŕ, ęîăäŕ âîńńňŕíŕâëčâŕëčńü đĺôëĺęňîđíűĺ đĺŕęöčč ćčâîňíűő íŕ ňŕęňčëüíűĺ, ňĺěďĺđŕňóđíűĺ č çâóęîâűĺ đŕçäđŕćčňĺëč, č ďîđîăč ÂĘĚŃ ńíčćŕëčńü äî óđîâí˙, ńîîňâĺňńňâóţůĺăî ďđčěĺđíî ňŕęîâîěó ó äđóăčő ăđűçóíîâ [2]. Ěŕęńčěŕëüíűě ďđĺäĺëîě äîďóńňčěűő ňîęîâ ďđč ÂĘĚŃ ń÷čňŕëč 40-50 ěęŔ. Ńňčěóë˙öč˙ ňîęŕěč ńâűřĺ 50 ěęŔ ěîăëŕ âűçűâŕňü âçäđŕăčâŕíčĺ ćčâîňíîăî, ëčáî ńěĺřŕííűĺ ÄÎ, ńâ˙çŕííűĺ ń îářčđíűě đŕäčóńîě çŕňĺęŕíč˙ ňîęŕ íŕ áëčćŕéřčĺ çîíű ÄĎ. Ěčíčěŕëüíűĺ ňîęč, ďđč ęîňîđűő âűçűâŕëčńü äîńňîâĺđíűĺ äâčăŕňĺëüíűĺ đĺŕęöčč, ńîńňŕâë˙ëč 5 ěęŔ. Î÷ĺíü ÷ŕńňî íŕáëţäŕëčńü ńěĺřŕííűĺ ÄÎ, â ęîňîđűő, íŕ đ˙äó ń äâčăŕňĺëüíűěč đĺŕęöč˙ěč ńîěŕňč÷ĺńęîé ěóńęóëŕňóđű îäíîâđĺěĺííî âîçíčęŕëč îňâĺňű ëčöĺâűő ěűřö. Áűëč îáíŕđóćĺíű čçěĺíĺíč˙ ÄÎ â ďđĺäĺëŕő îäíîăî ňđĺęŕ ďđč ďîăđóćĺíčč ýëĺęňđîäŕ â ăëóáčíó.

ÂĘĚŃ ěîňîđíîăî íĺîęîđňĺęńŕ äćóíăŕđńęîăî őîě˙÷ęŕ âűçűâŕëŕ ÄÎ ńîěŕňč÷ĺńęîé ěóńęóëŕňóđű (ďĺđĺäíčő č çŕäíčő ęîíĺ÷íîńňĺé) č ëčöĺâűő ěűřö (âčáđčńń, âĺđőíĺé ăóáű, âĺđőíĺăî âĺęŕ, óříîé đŕęîâčíű č íčćíĺé ÷ĺëţńňč). Âî âńĺő îďűňŕő áűëî îáíŕđóćĺíî ďđĺîáëŕäŕíčĺ ęîíňđŕëŕňĺđŕëüíîăî őŕđŕęňĺđŕ ÄÎ ęîíĺ÷íîńňĺé, ŕ ňŕę ćĺ âű˙âëĺí ďđĺčěóůĺńňâĺííî čďńčëŕňĺđŕëüíűé őŕđŕęňĺđ îňâĺňîâ ëčöĺâîé ěóńęóëŕňóđű.

ÄĎ ďĺđĺäíčő ęîíĺ÷íîńňĺé îáíŕđóćčâŕĺňń˙ ęŕę â ďđŕâîě, ňŕę č â ëĺâîě ďîëóřŕđčč, ˙âë˙ĺňń˙ ńŕěűě îářčđíűě ďî ďëîůŕäč č çŕíčěŕĺň ďđŕęňč÷ĺńęč âńţ îáëŕńňü ęŕđňčđîâŕíč˙ â îáîčő ďîëóřŕđč˙ő. Îáůŕ˙ ďëîůŕäü ÄĎ ďĺđĺäíčő ęîíĺ÷íîńňĺé â ěîňîđíîě íĺîęîđňĺęńĺ äćóíăŕđńęîăî őîě˙÷ęŕ ńîńňŕâčëŕ 16.7 ěě2: â ëĺâîě ďîëóřŕđčč - 8.4 ěě2, ŕ â ďđŕâîě - 8.3 ěě (Z=2, đ>0.05). ÄĎ ďĺđĺäíĺé ęîíĺ÷íîńňč đŕńďîëŕăŕĺňń˙ ęŕę đîńňđŕëüíĺĺ (äî 2.0 ěě), ňŕę č ęŕóäŕëüíĺĺ (äî 2.0 ěě) áđĺăěŕëüíîăî řâŕ, ëŕňĺđŕëüíűĺ ăđŕíčöű íŕőîä˙ňń˙ â ďđĺäĺëŕő 3. ěě. Ďîđîăč âűçîâŕ ÄÎ ěűřö ďĺđĺäíčő ęîíĺ÷íîńňĺé âŕđüčđóţň â ďđĺäĺëŕő îň 15 äî 30 ěęŔ (ńđĺäíĺĺ 17.57ą0.44 ěęŔ; n=171). ÄÎ ěűřö ďĺđĺäíčő ęîíĺ÷íîńňĺé íîń˙ň ęîíňđŕëŕňĺđŕëüíűé őŕđŕęňĺđ (â ďđŕâîě ďîëóřŕđčč äîë˙ ęîíňđŕëŕňĺđŕëüíűő îňâĺňîâ ńîńňŕâë˙ĺň 84%, â ëĺâîě čďńčëŕňĺđŕëüíűĺ îňâĺňű íŕáëţäŕţňń˙ çíŕ÷čňĺëüíî đĺćĺ (â ďđŕâîě ďîëóřŕđčč 12%, ŕ â ëĺâîě - 6%). Ëŕňĺíňíűĺ ďĺđčîäű âŕđüčđóţň â äčŕďŕçîíĺ îň 26 äî 42 ěń, ěŕęńčěŕëüíűĺ ďčęč íŕáëţäŕţňń˙ â îáëŕńňč îň 32 äî 36 ěń (ńđĺäíĺĺ 33.63ą0.89; n=71).

Ňŕęćĺ áűëî îáíŕđóćĺíî ďđĺäńňŕâčňĺëüńňâî çŕäíĺé ęîíĺ÷íîńňč. Îíî čěĺĺň íĺáîëüřčĺ đŕçěĺđű č đŕńďîëŕăŕĺňń˙ ęŕóäŕëüíĺĺ áđĺăěű. Ýňč ÄÎ áűëč âű˙âëĺíű â íĺáîëüřîé ÷ŕńňč îďűňîâ č îáű÷íî îíč âîçíčęŕëč â ńîńňŕâĺ ńěĺřŕííűő ÄÎ, â ńâ˙çč ń ÷ĺě, ńŕěîńňî˙ňĺëüíîăî ÄĎ â ěîňîđíîě íĺîęîđňĺęńĺ äćóíăŕđńęîăî őîě˙÷ęŕ, ęîíňđîëčđóţůĺăî äŕííűĺ ěűřĺ÷íűĺ ăđóďďű, âűäĺëčňü íĺ óäŕëîńü. Ďîđîăîâűĺ ňîęč âŕđüčđîâŕëč îň 15 äî ěęŔ (ńđĺäíĺĺ 25.01ą1.58; n=5). Çîíű ëčöĺâűő ÄĎ â ěîňîđíîě íĺîęîđňĺęńĺ çŕíčěŕţň îáůóţ ďëîůŕäü - 21.4 ěě2 (12.1 ěě2 - â ëĺâîě ďîëóřŕđčč, 9.3 ěě2 – â ďđŕâîě ďîëóřŕđčč). Ďđč ěčęđîńňčěóë˙öčč ëčöĺâűő ÄĎ íŕáëţäŕëčńü îňâĺňű âčáđčńń, âĺđőíĺăî âĺęŕ, âĺđőíĺé ăóáű, íčćíĺé ÷ĺëţńňč č óříîé đŕęîâčíű. Îäíčě čç ÄĎ ëčöĺâîé ěóńęóëŕňóđű ˙âë˙ĺňń˙ ÄĎ âčáđčńń. Ĺăî ďëîůŕäü ńîńňŕâë˙ĺň â ëĺâîě ďîëóřŕđčč 3.8 ěě2, â ďđŕâîě - 2.2 ěě2 (Z=0, đ0.05). Ďîđîăč âűçîâŕ ÄĎ íčćíĺé ÷ĺëţńňč ńîńňŕâë˙ţň îň 25 äî 40 ěęŔ (ńđĺäíĺĺ 35.45ą1.71 ěęŔ, n=11). Ďëîůŕäü ÄĎ ěűřö óříîé đŕęîâčíű â ëĺâîě ďîëóřŕđčč ńîńňŕâë˙ĺň 3.6 ěě2, â ďđŕâîě - 2.6 ěě2 (Z=l, đ0,6 äî 1) íŕ čçó÷ŕĺěűé ďîęŕçŕňĺëü (ňŕáëčöŕ 1).

Ěŕđęĺđű ďŕňîëîăč÷ĺńęîăî čçěĺíĺíč˙ ňîëůčíű ęîěďëĺęńŕ Ťčíňčěŕ-ěĺäčŕť

Čńőîäíîĺ äčŕńňîëč÷ĺńęîĺ ŕđňĺđčŕëüíîĺ äŕâëĺíčĺ Ńđĺäí˙˙ ňîëůčíŕ ęîěďëĺęńŕ Ťčíňčěŕ-ěĺäčŕť îáůĺé áĺäđĺííîé ŕđňĺđčč â ńňŕíäŕđňíîé ňî÷ęĺ čçěĺđĺíč˙ Číäĺęń đĺçčńňčâíîńňč îáůĺé ńîííîé ŕđňĺđčč Ëčíĺéíŕ˙ ńęîđîńňü ęđîâîňîęŕ â ďđŕâîé âíóňđĺííĺé ńîííîé ŕđňĺđčč Ňîëůčíŕ ęîěďëĺęńŕ Ťčíňčěŕ-ěĺäčŕť ďđŕâîé îáůĺé ńîííîé ŕđňĺđčč â ńňŕíäŕđňíîé ňî÷ęĺ čçěĺđĺíč˙ Âîçđŕńň ďŕöčĺíňŕ Čńőîäíîĺ ńčńňîëč÷ĺńęîĺ ŕđňĺđčŕëüíîĺ äŕâëĺíčĺ Ńđĺäíĺĺ ŕđňĺđčŕëüíîĺ äŕâëĺíčĺ Ňîëůčíŕ ęîěďëĺęńŕ Ťčíňčěŕ-ěĺäčŕť ëĺâîé îáůĺé ńîííîé ŕđňĺđčč â ńňŕíäŕđňíîé ňî÷ęĺ čçěĺđĺíč˙ Ńđĺäíčé äčŕěĺňđ îáůĺé ńîííîé ŕđňĺđčč Ńđĺäí˙˙ ňîëůčíŕ ęîěďëĺęńŕ Ťčíňčěŕ-ěĺäčŕť îáůĺé ńîííîé ŕđňĺđčč â ńňŕíäŕđňíîé ňî÷ęĺ čçěĺđĺíč˙ Ďëîůŕäü îáůĺé ńîííîé ŕđňĺđčč Ňîëůčíŕ ęîěďëĺęńŕ Ťčíňčěŕ-ěĺäčŕť ëĺâîé îáůĺé áĺäđĺííîé ŕđňĺđčč Ëčíĺéíŕ˙ ńęîđîńňü ęđîâîňîęŕ â ëĺâîé âíóňđĺííĺé ńîííîé ŕđňĺđčč Âű˙âëĺíî ÷ĺňűđíŕäöŕňü ďŕđŕěĺňđîâ ńî çíŕ÷ĺíčĺě âęëŕäŕ ďđčçíŕęŕ áîëĺĺ 0,4. Ýňî ëčíĺéíŕ˙ ńęîđîńňü ęđîâîňîęŕ ďđŕâîé ÎŃŔ, îáĺčő âíóňđĺííčő ńîííűő ŕđňĺđčé (áîëüřĺ ëĺâîé ÂŃŔ), ŇĘČĚ îáĺčő îáůčő ńîííűő ŕđňĺđčé (áîëüřĺ ëĺâîé ÎŃŔ), ŇĘČĚ ëĺâîé áĺäđĺííîé ŕđňĺđčč, ŕ ňŕęćĺ číäĺęń đĺçčńňčâíîńňč îáůĺé ńîííîé ŕđňĺđčč, ńđĺäíčé äčŕěĺňđ č ďëîůŕäü îáůĺé ńîííîé ŕđňĺđčč, óđîâíč čńőîäíîăî äčŕńňîëč÷ĺńęîăî, ńčńňîëč÷ĺńęîăî č ńđĺäíĺăî ŕđňĺđčŕëüíîăî äŕâëĺíč˙. Âîçđŕńň čěĺë ńđĺäíĺĺ âëč˙íčĺ íŕ ŇĘČĚ ÎŃŔ ("âĺń" 0,512).

Ňŕęčě îáđŕçîě, âűáîđ ňîëůčíű ęîěďëĺęńŕ Ťčíňčěŕ-ěĺäčŕť îáůĺé ńîííîé ŕđňĺđčč â ęŕ÷ĺńňâĺ ďŕđŕěĺňđŕ, îňíîńčňĺëüíî ęîňîđîăî ďđîčçâîäčëń˙ ŕíŕëčç, ńâ˙çŕí ń âŕëčäíîńňüţ äë˙ ęîëč÷ĺńňâĺííîé îöĺíęč ŕňĺđîńęëĺđîçŕ [5-9]. Ôŕęňîđű, âëč˙ţůčĺ č îďđĺäĺë˙ţůčĺ ńňĺďĺíü č íŕďđŕâëĺííîńňü ŕňĺđîńęëĺđîňč÷ĺńęîăî ďđîöĺńńŕ, őîđîřî čçó÷ĺíű ń ďđčěĺíĺíčĺě ńňŕňčńňč÷ĺńęčő ěĺňîäîâ, ęîňîđűĺ îńíîâŕíű íŕ óńđĺäíĺíčč ďŕđŕěĺňđîâ (äčńďĺđńč˙, ęđčňĺđčé Ńňüţäĺíňŕ č ň.ď.). Îäíŕęî, ďđčěĺíĺíčĺ â ęëčíč÷ĺńęîé ďđŕęňčęĺ ěĺňîäîâ, îńíîâŕííűő íŕ ěíîăîďŕđŕěĺňđč÷ĺńęîě ŕíŕëčçĺ äŕííűő, ęŕęîâűěč ˙âë˙ţňń˙ ŕëăîđčňěű č ěĺňîäű ńčíňĺçŕ čńęóńńňâĺííűő íĺéđîííűő ńĺňĺé, ďîçâîë˙ţň đĺřŕňü ěĺäčöčíńęčĺ çŕäŕ÷č, čěĺţůčĺ íĺ˙âíűé őŕđŕęňĺđ[1,2]. Ňŕęîé ďîäőîä ŕíŕëčçó áîëüřîăî ěŕńńčâŕ äŕííűő ďîçâîë˙ĺň âű˙âčňü íŕčáîëĺĺ číôîđěŕňčâíűĺ íĺčíâŕçčâíűĺ ěŕđęĺđű đŕçëč÷íűő ďŕňîëîăč÷ĺńęčő ďđîöĺńńîâ, â ňîě ÷čńëĺ óňîëůĺíč˙ ńîńóäčńňîé ńňĺíęč ó áîëüíűő ń ŕňĺđîńęëĺđîçîě.

[1] Čăíŕňüĺâ Í.Ŕ. Čçâëĺ÷ĺíčĺ ˙âíűő çíŕíčé čç đŕçíîňčďíűő äŕííűő ń ďîěîůüţ íĺéđîííűő ńĺňĺé // Âű÷čńëčň. ňĺőíîëîăčč. -2003. -š2 (8).- Ń.69-73.

[2] Čăíŕňüĺâ Í.Ŕ., Ěŕäđŕőčěîâ Ř.Ô. Î íĺęîňîđűő ńďîńîáŕő ďîâűřĺíč˙ ďđîçđŕ÷íîńňč íĺéđîííűő ńĺňĺé// Âű÷čńëčň. ňĺőíîëîăčč. -2003. -š6 (8). - Ń. 31-37.

[3] Ęîđđĺë˙öč˙ čçěĺíĺíčé ęîěďëĺęńŕ Ťčíňčěŕ-ěĺäčŕť âĺňâĺé äóăč ŕîđňű č ďĺđčôĺđč÷ĺńęčő ŕđňĺđčé ń ďîđŕćĺíčĺě ęîđîíŕđíűő ŕđňĺđčé ń ďîđŕćĺíčĺě ęîđîíŕđíűő ŕđňĺđčé ó áîëüíűő ń ďđčîáđĺňĺííűěč ďîđîęŕěč ńĺđäöŕ/ Ŕăŕäćŕíîâŕ Ë.Ď., Ŕôŕíŕńüĺâŕ Ĺ.Ä., Ăđîřĺâŕ Ň.Ă., Ěîćčíŕ Ŕ.Ŕ.// Ăđóäíŕ˙ č ńĺđäĺ÷íîńîńóäčńňŕ˙ őčđóđăč˙. - 2000.- š4.- Ń.19-24.

[4] Ęóíöĺâč÷ Ă.Č., Ňĺđ - Őŕ÷ŕňóđîâŕ Č.Ĺ. Óëüňđŕçâóęîâűĺ ěĺňîäű čńńëĺäîâŕíč˙ ěŕăčńňđŕëüíűő ŕđňĺđčé řĺč č ŕđňĺđčé Âčëëčçčĺâŕ ęđóăŕ/ Ěĺňîäű čńńëĺäîâŕíč˙ â íĺâđîëîăčč č íĺéđîőčđóđăčč; ďîä đĺä. Ăóńĺâŕ Ĺ.Č..- 2000. Ń. 146-201.

[5] Ëĺëţę Â.Ă., Ëĺëţę Ń.Ý. Ěĺňîäčęŕ óëüňđŕçâóęîâîăî čńńëĺäîâŕíč˙ ńîńóäčńňîé ńčńňĺěű: ňĺőíîëîăč˙ ńęŕíčđîâŕíč˙, íîđěŕňčâíűĺ ďîęŕçŕňĺëč (ěĺňîäč÷ĺńęîĺ ďîńîáčĺ).- Ěîńęâŕ. 2002.- 40 ń.

[6] Đîńńčĺâ Ä.Ŕ. Ěĺäčöčíńęŕ˙ íĺéđîčíôîđěŕňčęŕ./Îňäĺë ěĺäčöčíńęîé íĺéđîčíôîđěŕňčęč: ĘđŕńĂĚŔ.

2002. - 91 c.

[7] Salonen J.T., Salonen R. Ultrasound B-mode imaging in observational studies of atherosclerotic progression.

// Circulation. -1993. - š7. -Đ. 56-65.

[8] Baldassarre D., Amato M., Bondioli A. Et al. Carotid intima-media-thickness measured by ultrasongraphy in normal clinical practice correlates well with atherosclerosis risk factors.// Stroke. 2000. š31 Đ. 2426-2430.

[9] Bots M.L., Hoes A.W., Koudstaal P.J. et al. Common carotid intima-media thickness and risk of stroke and myocardial infarction: the Rotterdam Study.// Circulation. 1997. š.96. P. 1432–1437.

STUDY OF TRACE ELEMENTS IN HAIR AT PATIENTS WITH CAROTID

ATHEROSCLEROSIS

Rozikhodjaeva G.A., Hudoynazarov S.K., Yokubov K.R., Nuritdinov Sh.F.,

Abstract

The of ten trace elements levels in hair (Fe, Cu, Al, Zn, Cd, Se, Ca, K, Na, Mg), and the ratio of some of them (Cu / Fe, Mg / Fe, Zn / Fe, Mg / Zn, Ca / Mg, K / Na, Zn / Cu, Cu / Zn) of 27 patients with carotid atherosclerosis and 20 controls (healthy subjects) were determined by Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrophotometer (ICP-OES) (Optima-2400DV (USA) in order to find out possible relationship of such elements with atherosclerosis disease. These results expand our understanding of the interactions between macro-and microelements in patients with atherosclerosis and may be used for analysis of metabolic changes. The identified relationship between the content of macro-and microelements in the hair suggest the possibility of determining these parameters in patients as additional diagnostic criteria for complex examination. In clinical practice, it is expedient to take into account the levels of microelements and correct the mineral status with the goal of therapy, primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases.

The atherosclerosis is a serious problem in modern medicine because of the prevalence, high death rate and physical inability, and also insufficiency of accurate representations about pathogenetic mechanisms. Along with intensive development of existing fundamental knowledge, many early representations about the reasons, mechanisms of development of atherosclerosis are critically reconsidered. Recently the attention of researchers is involved with a possible role of trace elements (TE) in the mechanism of development of atherosclerosis. Such elements are key components of metalloenzymes or are involved in crucial biological functions, such as oxygen transport, free radical scavenging or hormonal activity [10]. Hair is thus considered as the most Rozikhodjaeva G.A., Hudoynazarov S.K., Yokubov K.R., Nuritdinov Sh.F., Hikmatov S.K., objective source of the information on the maintenance of TE in bodies and tissues. [3,5,12].

Determination of minerals in hair can also provide information about a human's energy level, immune system, carbohydrate tolerance, emotional balance, and glandular activity. As a result, there has been growing interest in the use of trace element concentrations in human hair for monitoring the body burden of trace elements because hair is a stable tissue, easy to sample, transport, store and analyze [2, 6, 13, 14].

The purpose of present work was studying of the trace element levels (TE) in hair (Fe, Cu, Al, Zn, Cd, Se, Ca, K, Na, Mg), and the relationship between the levels of some trace elements (Cu / Fe, Mg / Fe, Zn / Fe, Mg / Zn, Ca / Mg, K / Na, Zn / Cu, Cu / Zn) in hair of patients with carotid atherosclerosis (CA) compared with healthy people of comparable age and sex.

Material and Methods: 27 patients with known atherosclerotic disease (AD) and 10 healthy individuals were included in the study. The main and the control group were matched for age (mean age 61,2 ą 6,7 years and 64,4 ą9,6 years, respectively). Complex vascular examination was performed by HD3 (Phillips, Holland) and Voluson 530 DMT (Kretztechnik, Austria) ultrasound with linear transducer 5-7.5 MHz. The intima- media thickness of common carotid artery (CIMT ŃŃŔ) is measured at duplex scanning. The levels of trace elements (TE) in the hair were determined by Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrophotometer (ICP-OES) (Optima-2400DV (USA) and studied possible relationship of such elements with atherosclerosis disease. This study examined a total of 10 trace elements (Fe, Cu, Al, Zn, Cd, Se, Ca, K, Na, Mg), and the relationship between the levels of some trace elements (Cu / Fe, Mg / Fe, Zn / Fe, Mg / Zn, Ca / Mg, K / Na, Zn / Cu, Cu / Zn) in hair. We used the external standard method for the quantitative determination of trace elements in hair. To obtain accurate quantitative data, the regression coefficient achieved the standard calibration curve for each element in more than 0.9998. The average recovery was more than 96.5% for all trace elements. For an accurate comparison, we used the coefficient of variation of standard material, which was less than 5%. To calculate the various statistics used statistical software package Microsoft Statistica. Statistical difference between the mean values in different groups defined in the application of Student's test. Concentration of TE in hair of patients and healthy individuals were expressed as mean values ą SD. If the p-value was less than 0, 05 (p



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ŤÂŕđčŕíň š 61926 1. A 1 š 362. Đĺôĺđŕň, íŕáđŕííűé íŕ ęîěďüţňĺđĺ, ńîäĺđćčň 12 ńňđŕíčö, íŕ ęŕćäîé ńňđŕíčöĺ 48 ńňđîę, â ęŕćäîé ńňđîęĺ 64 ńčěâîëŕ. Äë˙ ęîäčđîâŕíč˙ ńčěâîëîâ čńďîëüçóĺňń˙ ęîäčđîâęŕ Unicode, ďđč ęîňîđîé ęŕćäűé ńčěâîë ęîäčđóĺ ňń˙ 16 áčňŕěč. Îďđĺäĺë čňĺ číôîđěŕöčî ííűé îáú¸ě đĺôĺđŕňŕ. 1) 7 áŕéň 2) 27 Ęáŕéň 3) 72 Ęáŕéňŕ 4) 2 Ěáŕéňŕ 2. A 1 š 121. Ńňŕňü˙, íŕáđŕííŕ˙ íŕ ęîěďüţňĺđĺ, ńîäĺđćčň 64 ńňđŕíčöű, íŕ ęŕćäîé ńňđŕíčöĺ 40 ńňđîę, â ęŕćäîé ńňđîęĺ 64 ńčěâîë ŕ. Îďđĺäĺë čňĺ đŕçěĺđ ńňŕňüč â...ť






 
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Ěŕňĺđčŕëű ýňîăî ńŕéňŕ đŕçěĺůĺíű äë˙ îçíŕęîěëĺíč˙, âńĺ ďđŕâŕ ďđčíŕäëĺćŕň čő ŕâňîđŕě.
Ĺńëč Âű íĺ ńîăëŕńíű ń ňĺě, ÷ňî Âŕř ěŕňĺđčŕë đŕçěĺů¸í íŕ ýňîě ńŕéňĺ, ďîćŕëóéńňŕ, íŕďčřčňĺ íŕě, ěű â ňĺ÷ĺíčč 1-2 đŕáî÷čő äíĺé óäŕëčě ĺăî.